The concept of adult education in India was introduced to provide education to those who did not get the opportunity to study during their childhood. A series of programs have been initiated to promote adult education. Adult education in India has helped a number of people realize their dreams even though they did not get formal education at the right age. Both basic and vocational education is provided as a part of adult education. Here are some essays of varying lengths on Adult Education in India to help you with the topic in your examination.

Essay on Adult Education in India

Essay 1 (250 words)

The introduction of adult education in India came as a boon for thousands of people. A number of people in India, especially those from the poor classes, are deprived of education during their childhood due to various reasons such as lack of funds, family circumstances and lack of schools in the vicinity, etc. While they may remain unaffected by this loss during their childhood the consequences of illiteracy hit them hard as they go out to earn their livelihood. However, they now have the option to seek education even as adults so as to shape a better future for them.

The concept of adult education in the country was initiated by the National Fundamental Education Centre (NFEC) set up by the government of India in 1956. Since then it has helped several adults seek basic as well as vocational education which in turn has helped them in the following ways:

  • Education helps a person take up better-paying jobs which means it aids him in becoming more capable of taking care of his family.
  • It raises a person’s standard of living.
  • Uneducated and unemployed people are more prone to turn towards criminal activities. Education helps in eradicating such activities to a large extent.
  • An educated person has access to more information and thus becomes a lot more aware of what is happening around him. It also empowers him to work for the betterment of society by questioning the wrong and supporting the right.
  • Educated parents are able to raise their kids better.
  • They also contribute to the overall progress of the nation by doing their bit.


Essay 2 (300 words)

Illiteracy is said to be a curse for the society. A high illiteracy rate impacts the growth of a nation adversely. India is among the various developing nations that are faced with the problem of illiteracy. However, the Indian government is continually working hard to curb this problem. It introduced the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act to ensure that every child gets an education. Education has been made the fundamental right of every child in the country. Besides, provisions have also been made to provide education to the adults who were deprived of it during their childhood.

The much-appreciated concept of Adult Education in India was originated by the National Fundamental Centre (NFEC) that was set up by the Indian government back in 1956. The center was later named as Department of Adult Education and became a part of the National Institute of Education under NCERT. Adult education was promoted by the government and many people came forward to make the most of the opportunity being offered. Soon there was a huge increase in the number of people enrolling for it as well as a substantial increase in the educational activities. With this, the Department of Adult Education separated from NCERT and formed an independent entity.

As the name suggests, adult education is aimed at empowering those individuals who were deprived of education during their childhood. The government has opened a number of schools to impart education to the adults. Both basic, as well as vocational education, are provided here.

So, people are not only imparting education but are also trained to earn their livelihood through adult education. Special night schools have also been opened in many states so that people can study after their working hours. Several individuals have benefitted from this. Education has helped them seek better-paying jobs and establish a good social standing.


Essay 3 (400 words)

One of the biggest problems in our country is that the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer. The main reason behind this is that those belonging to the poor classes are so engrossed in earning their livelihood to make their ends meet that they overlook the importance of seeking education. Instead of sending their kids to school, people from the poor classes send them to work as for them more working hands in the family means more income. As these kids grow they have no other choice but to indulge in menial tasks such as cleaning and sweeping due to lack of education and the trend continues.

In order to break this vicious circle, the government of India has come up with the concept of adult education. All those adults who could not seek education during their childhood and want to get educated later in life can enroll for the adult education program. As part of this program, both basic education, as well as vocational training, is imparted to empower individuals to shape a better future. It is the sole choice of an individual as to what he wants to opt for.

Directorate of Adult Education initiated in India from the National Fundamental Education Centre (NFEC) established in the year 1956. Since then the government has continually been making efforts to promote adult education in the country. A number of schools including ones that offer night classes have been opened to provide adult education. Also, various means and modes are being used by the government to emphasize the importance of seeking education and the efforts have not been futile. Several individuals have come forward to make the most of this opportunity and the number is on the rise. With this, the number of educational activities being offered has also seen a significant increase.

While many seek education to get good employment opportunities and earn their livelihood, a number of people especially women have come forward to seek adult education just to become more aware and help raise their children more efficiently. Apart from this, adult education also helps in the following way:

  • The better job means increased income which means you can take better care of your family.
  • Education makes a person more aware of what is happening around and empowers him to bring about change in society.
  • Uneducated and unemployed individuals are more drawn to criminal activities. Education can help curb these problems to some extent.
  • Education is also one of the first steps towards building a strong and progressive nation.
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