The full name of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He was a space scientist who played a vital technological role in the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) and crafted the foundation of their growth. A Muslim by faith, Mr. Kalam stayed a pure vegetarian throughout his life and had remembered by heart the teachings of the Holy Quran and Bhagavad Gita as well. He also became the 11th President of India and was much popular among the youths.
Long and Short Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam
Essay 1 (250 words)
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a Missile Man of India. He is popularly known as the People’s President of India. His full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He was a great scientist and 11th President of India. He was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, in a poor Tamil Muslim family on the 15th of October in 1931 to the Jainulabudeen and Ashiamma. He started supporting his family financially at an early age. He has completed his graduation from the St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli in 1954 and Aerospace Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai in 1960.
He joined the DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) as a scientist where he designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also worked under Dr. Vikram Sarabhai as part of the INCOSPAR committee. Later, he joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969 as project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). Because of his great contributions to the development of ballistic missiles in India, he will be forever known as the “Missile Man of India”. The successful Pokhran-II nuclear tests of 1998 have also involved his important role.
He has been the third President of India who awarded the Bharat Ratna (first Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan 1954 and second Dr. Zakir Hussain 1963). He has also been awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his contributions at ISRO and DRDO as well as the Government of India as a scientific advisor. He has written many books such as Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Target 3 Billion in 2011, Turning Points, India 2020, My Journey, etc.
Essay 2 (300 words)
The full name of APJ Abdul Kalam was Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He has been the luminous star in the Indian history as the Missile Man and People’s President. He was born on the 15th of October in 1931 in Tamil Nadu. His life was full of struggle however has been an inspiration to the new generation of India. He was a person who dreamed about India of being a developed country. For which he has quoted that “You have to dream before your dreams can come true”. His immense interest in flight made him able to fulfill his dream of being an Aeronautical Engineering. Instead of being from a poor family, he never discontinued his education. He has completed his graduation in Science from St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli and Aeronautical Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1954.
He joined DRDO as a senior scientific assistant in 1958 where a small team, developing a prototype hovercraft, was headed by him. Because of the lack of exciting response from the hovercraft program, he joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He is widely famous as the “Missile Man of India” as he contributed a lot to developing ballistic missiles and space rocket technology. He was the driving force behind the country in developing defense technologies. His great contributions have brought our country into a group of nuclear nations.
He was a notable scientist and an engineer who also served the country as 11th President from 2002 to 2007. Pokhran-II nuclear test of 1998 also has a dedicated involvement. He was the man of vision and full of ideas who always aimed at the development of a country. He has highlighted the action plans about country development by 2020 in his book titled “India-2020”. According to him, the real asset of the country is its youth that’s why he has always motivated and inspired them. He said that “The nation requires role models in leadership who can inspire youngsters”.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a scientist who later became the 11th President of India and served the country from 2002 to 2007. He was the most respected person of the country as he contributed immensely to the country as a scientist and as a president. His contributions to the Indian Space Research Organization are unforgettable. Numerous projects were headed by him such as the launch of the Rohini-1, Project Devil and Project Valiant, developing missiles (under missions Agni and Prithvi), etc. For his great contributions in improving the nuclear power of India, he is popularly known as the “Missile Man of India”. He has been honored with the highest civilian awards for his dedicated works. After completing his service to the government of India as President, he served the country as a visiting professor at various valued institutes and universities.
His Career and Contributions
He was born to the Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma on the 15th of October in 1931. The financial conditions of his family were a little poor so he started supporting his family financially at an early age. He started earning money to support his family however never gave up on his education. He completed his graduation in 1954 from Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology. After his graduation, he joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a chief scientist, however; soon he shifted to the Indian Space Research Organization as a project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle. He also worked as a Chief Executive of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program which involved in simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles.
He also became the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister from 1992 to 1999 and Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organization. He was called as the “Missile Man of India” after his successful contribution as the Chief Project Coordinator for Pokhran II nuclear tests. He was the first scientist who served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007 without any political background.
He wrote many inspirational books such as “India 2020”, “Ignited Minds”, “Mission India”, “The Luminous Sparks”, “Inspiring Thoughts”, etc. In order to beat the corruption in the country he launched a mission for youths named “What Can I Give Movement”. He served as a visiting professor in various universities and institutes of the country (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indore, etc), as Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, JSS University (Mysore), Aerospace Engineering at Anna University (Chennai), etc. He has been awarded the awards like Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Bharat Ratna, Indira Gandhi Award, Veer Savarkar Award, Ramanujan Award and many more.