Global warming is the continual rise in the Earth’s surface temperature and its subsequent impact on its climatic conditions. Global warming has caused adverse effects on the earth’s atmosphere. It has led to extreme weather conditions which in turn have adversely affected the life on the planet. Global warming, caused due to the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon and methane, has led to several negative repercussions including a rise in the sea level, an increase in air pollution and extreme weather conditions in various regions.
Long and Short Essay on Consequences of Global Warming
Essay 1 (250 words)
Global warming, the term coined by New Jersey scientist, Wally Broecker, refers to the rise in the average temperature on Earth due to the emission of greenhouse gases including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane. These gases are emitted by vehicles, factories and a number of sources. These hazardous gases trap heat on the Earth rather than letting it disappear in the atmosphere thereby causing a rise in the temperature.
The climate on Earth is getting warmer as a result of global warming and this is having negative repercussions on the environment. Here is a detailed look at the consequences of global warming:
Impact on Air
An increase in the Earth’s surface temperature has given rise to air pollution. This is because the rise in temperature aggravates ground-level ozone which is formed when carbon gases react with sunlight and heat. An increase in the level of air pollution has given way to several health problems. Cases of breathing problems and lung infections have increased drastically. Asthma patients are worst affected by this.
Impact on Water
Glaciers are melting and the ocean water is getting warmer as a result of global warming. Together, this has led to an increase in the sea level. The sea level is expected to rise further with the increase in the temperature in the times to come. This is a cause of concern as this would create flood situations in the coastal and low-lying areas thereby disrupting life. In addition to this, ocean water has become acidic due to which the aquatic life is at threat.
Impact on Land
Global warming has caused extreme weather conditions. Many places are experiencing frequent and heavy rains and are thus faced with heavy floods while certain regions are experiencing extreme drought. This has not only impacted the lives of people but has also degraded the condition of the land in these areas. Agricultural lands have been impacted adversely due to this.
Essay 2 (400 words)
Global warming is a rise in the average surface temperature of Earth because of the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide. Emitted by vehicles, factories, and various other sources, these gases trap the heat that should otherwise escape from the Earth. Global warming has affected the Earth’s atmosphere adversely and is likely to impact it further in the times to come. Here is a look at the consequences of global warming:
- Changes in the Precipitation Pattern
There has been a huge change in the precipitation pattern since the last few decades. Many areas are experiencing frequent and heavy rainfalls that cause a flood-like situation while others are faced with drought. This has adversely affected the lives of people in this area.
- Increase in Heat Waves
The frequency and intensity of heatwaves have increased due to the rise in the Earth’s surface temperature. This has given way to various health problems such as headaches, sunstroke, dizziness, and even major organ damage.
- Rise in Sea Level and Effects on Oceans
There is a constant rise in the sea level because of the melting of the glaciers and the warming of the ocean water caused due to global warming. This is becoming a threat to those living in coastal areas. Oceans, on the other hand, are becoming acidic because of the absorption of these gases and this is majorly disturbing the aquatic life.
- Growing Health Problems
The growing air pollution and changes in the climate have given rise to health problems. Breathing problems and lung infections are rising rapidly. Floods are giving way to the breeding of mosquitoes and flies which in turn is causing various infections. An increase in the heat waves has caused a rise in problems such as headaches and dizziness that can lead to other serious health issues.
- Impact on Plants and Animals
Several species of plants and animals have disappeared from the face of the Earth as they could not withstand the changing climatic conditions. The temperature is likely to rise further due to global warming as a result of which many more plant and animal species are likely to go extinct.
The continual rise in the temperature on Earth caused due to global warming is a cause of serious concern. This can be brought down by reducing carbon emissions. Each and every individual must help in the reduction of these gases to lower the effects of global warming.
Essay 3 (500 words)
Global warming refers to the rise in the temperature on Earth and the subsequent changes in the atmosphere. This rise is mainly a result of the emission of carbon gases from different sources. The consequences of global warming differ based on different regions. However, overall it is having a negative impact on the life on Earth and its effects are likely to worsen in the times to come. Here is a detailed look at the consequences of global warming:
- The rise in the Sea Level
Sea level has risen as a result of global warming. The changes have been more evident since the 20th century. Mainly caused due to the melting of the glaciers and warming of the ocean water, the rise in the sea level is a threat for the people living in the coastal and low-lying areas as there is an increased risk of flood.
- Erratic Rainfall Pattern
The rise in the temperature level has worst affected the rainfall pattern. Over the last few decades, while certain areas are experiencing drought others are faced with heavy floods. This has disrupted the lives of people living in these areas.
- Increase in Wildfire
The rise in temperature has resulted in frequent wildfires and longer wildfire seasons. This is a huge threat to wildlife.
- Intense Heat Waves
The constant increase in the temperature on Earth has also given rise to the heat waves. Heatwaves have become more intense and much more frequent and are causing several health issues.
- Growth in Health Problems
Health problems are on an all-time rise due to global warming. The increased level of pollution in the air is causing breathing problems, lung infections and aggravating the problem for asthma patients. Intense heatwaves also cause health problems and so does heavy flood. Water accumulated in different areas due to flood is a breeding ground for mosquitoes, flies and other insects and the infections caused by these are known to all.
- Damaging of Crops
Erratic rainfall pattern is not only having negative repercussions on the lives of the people but is also having an adverse effect on the crops grown in those areas. Droughts, as well as floods, are damaging the crops. The agricultural lands are also being impacted badly due to such climatic conditions.
- Extinction of Animals
Global warming has not only been a cause of several health issues in human beings but has also made life difficult for various animals. The changes in the weather conditions have made survival difficult for many species of animals. Many of these have disappeared and several others are on the verge of going extinct.
- Extreme Weather Conditions
Global warming is also causing extreme weather conditions in various regions. Extreme summer season, heavy storms, intense cyclones, hurricanes, heavy rainfall, extreme drought are all a result of global warming.
Global Warming is a cause of huge concern. It is time we people start taking this issue seriously. Reduction in carbon emission can bring down the consequences of global warming. Hence, each one of us should do our bit to control it.
Essay 4 (600 words)
Global Warming is a continual rise in the Earth’s temperature. This rise is largely caused due to the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane. Several pieces of evidence given by the scientists prove that the Earth’s temperature is rising, more so after the 1950s. Human activities over the last few decades have led to the warming of the climate system on the planet and it is being predicted that in the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to go up further.
This rise in temperature is having a negative impact on life on Earth. Here is a detailed look at the consequences of global warming.
Effect on the Climatic Conditions
Global warming has led to a change in precipitation patterns in different regions across the globe. As a result of this, while certain regions are experiencing drought-like situation others are facing floods. This way the wet areas are becoming wetter and the dry ones are getting drier. An increase in temperature is also giving way to storms, cyclones, heatwaves, and wildfires among other changes in the atmosphere. Many regions on earth are experiencing extreme weather conditions as a result of global warming and the problem is expected to aggravate in the future.
Effect on the Sea
The global sea level has risen over the 20th century. There are two key reasons for this rise in the sea level. One is the thermal expansion that occurred due to the warming of the ocean water and second is the increased melting of the land-based ice. It is being predicted that there will be a considerable rise in the sea level in the times to come. The continued rise in sea level is a major threat to life in the coastal and low-lying areas.
Effect on the Environment
The overall environment of the Earth has been adversely affected due to global warming. This rise in temperature worsens the air pollution further by raising the level of ground-level ozone which is formed when the smoke emitted by factories, cars, and other sources come in contact with heat and sunlight. Increased air pollution has led to various health problems and the condition is worsening by the day.
Effect on Life on the Earth
The increase in temperature, erratic climatic conditions, and rise in the air and water pollution has impacted the life on earth badly. The frequent floods, droughts, and cyclones have taken away several lives and the increasing level of pollution is causing several health problems. Similar to human beings, many other species of animals, as well as plants, are unable to cope up with the changing weather. The rapid changes in the climatic conditions on the land as well as sea are having a negative impact on them. The extinction rate of animals and plants has risen. As per researchers, many species of birds, mammals, reptiles, fishes, and amphibians have disappeared because of the increasing level of pollution and changes in the climate.
Effect on Agriculture
Agriculture has been worst affected due to the erratic rainfall pattern formed as a result of global warming. Many areas are experiencing frequent drought-like situations while others are receiving heavy rainfall and floods. This is not only affecting the people living in those areas but is having an adverse effect on the crops too. Agricultural lands are losing their fertility and the crops are being damaged.
Global warming is a serious concern. Its repercussions are devastating. Carbon emission needs to be controlled immediately in order to lower the consequences of global warming. This can be done if each and every individual contributes his/ her bit towards the cause.