Environment and development are interrelated. One cannot think of development without considering the environment. While focusing on development, if the environment is neglected, it will have a further impact on the development. Both must co-exist alongside each other. Development is unavoidable thus special care must be taken for not damaging the environment while doing so. Development usually refers to urbanization- new buildings, roads, industries, settlements, etc.

Long and Short Essay on Environment and Development

Essay on Environment and Economic Development (250 words)


Environment and economic growth are interrelated. On one hand, the economic growth of a nation affects the environment. At the same time, the degradation of environmental resources will affect economic growth. There are environmental policies that can help in making the most out of environmental protection and economic growth.

Environment and Economic Development

Economic development is very much essential for the growth of a nation. A nation is considered developed if it provides enough job opportunities for the inhabitants thereby providing them a better life than struggling with poverty. This type of development helps in reducing income inequality. The higher economic growth of a nation also results in an increase in tax revenues and a reduction in government expenditure on unemployment and poverty-related welfares.

The environment plays an important role in the economic development of a nation. A large part of the development of a nation is related to production in different sectors. The natural resources like water, fossil fuels, minerals, soils, etc from the environment are needed for production in various sectors. However, the pollution caused as a result of production is absorbed by the environment. Additionally, the consumption of resources for production can lead to a shortage of resources in the environment.

The continuous process of consumption of natural resources and the increased rate of pollution to the environment will lead to poor quality of resources. This, in turn, will not only impact the quality of production but also result in various negative health impacts not only for the labors involved in production but also for the inhabitants for whom the production or the development is being carried out.


In order to enjoy the benefits of economic developments, in the long run, one should give equal importance to the conservation of natural resources. Maintaining a proper balance between environment and economic development will keep on running the cycle of development whose benefits will be not only is limited to the current generation but also for future generations.


Essay on Environmental and Sustainable Development (400 words)


Sustainable development is based on three pillars of sustainability – economic, environmental and social sustainability. Environmental sustainability refers to the concern related to natural resources like air, water, and climate. An important aspect of sustainable development is to adapt activities or measures that will help in sustaining the environmental resources which would not only meet the requirements for the present generation but also the upcoming generation.

Environmental and Sustainable Development

The concept of Sustainable Development is derived from the definition of the phrase in the Brundtland Commission in 1987. According to the phrase, sustainable development refers to the development that meets the needs of the present generation and preserves enough resources for the future generation to meet their needs. At the UN Sustainable Development Summit in 2015, world leaders have included some goals as Sustainable Development Goals.  They are –

  1. Eradication of poverty in every form all over the world.
  2. Promotion of sustainable economic growth by providing full employment and decent work for all.
  3. Attaining gender equality and empowerment of women.
  4. Maintaining the sustainability of water and providing sanitation for all.
  5. Promoting healthy lives for all irrespective of age.
  6. Promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all.
  7. Promoting sustainable agriculture and providing nutritious food for all.
  8. Reducing inequality within and among countries.
  9. Providing safe and sustainable human settlements for all.
  10. Conserve water bodies for sustainable development.
  11. Revitalizing global partnership for sustainable development.
  12. Introducing sustainable production and consumption pattern.
  13. Accessibility of sustainable energy for all.
  14. Fostering innovation and building sustainable industrialization.
  15. Adopting measures to deal with climate change.
  16. Restore terrestrial ecosystem, forests and stop soil degradation.
  17. The building of effective and responsible institutions at all levels to provide justice for all.

The above mentioned sustainable goals are aimed to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice and tackle climate changes by 2030. These goals are set to ensure that the future generations are not deprived of the benefits of development and they can utilize the natural resources to satisfy their needs as well.


The concept of sustainability is related to the concept of carrying capacity. If the natural resources are used up fast then they are being replenished, it would lead to the degradation of the environment. This might lead to the destruction of the population to a level where natural resources become inadequate for the living population. Therefore, environmental and sustainable development should be given equal importance to the benefits of the population.


Essay on Protection of Environment and Sustainable Development (500 words)


Sustainable development aims to preserve the natural resources so that even after the current generation used them to meet their needs, there is enough left for the coming generation. And as a matter of fact, even for generations after that. In order to maintain sustainable development, the environment is needed to be protected.

Protection of Environment and Sustainable Development

Some of the current issues related to the environment are global warming and the depletion of natural resources. Global warming refers to the permanent climate change of the earth owing to industrial pollution, degradation of the environment, greenhouse gas emission, depletion of the ozone layer which means a decline in the total amount of ozone on earth’s stratosphere. Scientists have proven that the temperature of the earth is increasing and if necessary precautions are not being taken, the situation will be worse which will cause a further negative impact on the environment and human health.

The depletion of natural resources is another major concern. With the overpopulation, the consumption of the earth’s natural resources is taking place at a faster rate even before they could be replenished. Global warming leads to the low rate of production of agricultural products and with depletion of natural resources adding to it, very soon the mass population of earth will face not only a shortage of food but also a shortage of resources to carry out any development process.

In order to overcome the shortage, chemicals are used to increase the production of agricultural products. This not only decreases the value of soil but also affects human health in a negative way. If the process continues, the inhabitants of the earth are going to face serious issues. In all these years, plenty of damages have been caused to the earth’s environment and its resources. If necessary activities and measures are taken to protect the environment, there is hope that much worse condition could be postponed if not totally avoided.

In order to reduce global warming, protection of forests and wetlands are important. Trees should not be cut until and unless they are absolutely necessary. In such cases, it is required to plant as many trees wherever possible. A single step taken by a huge part of the population can play a major role in protecting the environment. It is also important to conserve natural resources, biodiversity, and wildlife. Apart from that, every inhabitant of the earth should play their part in preventing the ozone layer from depletion.

The main ozone-depleting substances are widely used in refrigerators, air conditioners and fire extinguishers. Many refrigerators and air conditioners use Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) and Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) as a refrigerant. These are important elements in causing depletion to the earth’s ozone layer.

It is hence important to not use products that use HCFC and CFC as refrigerants. It is also advisable to avoid using aerosol products that use HCFCs and CFCs as propellants.  Apart from all these above-mentioned measures, precaution should be taken to emit less carbon to the environment.


In order to undergo sustainable development, necessary precautions should be taken to protect the environment. This, in turn, will benefit the present population as well as the coming generations, which is the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The protection of the environment hence is an important step in sustainable development.


Essay on Sustainable Development and Environment Conservation (600 words)


Conservation refers to the process of protection, preservation, management, and restoration of natural environments and their inhabitants. The main objective of sustainable development is to preserve the resources of the environment for future generations use even after being used by the present generation. Hence, to achieve the objective of sustainable development, conservation of the environment is important.

Sustainable Development and Environment Conservation

Conservation of the environment involves two processes – protecting natural resources and living in a way causing less damage to the environment. Environment refers to natural resources like air, water, and land and their interrelationship with human beings. In a broader aspect, it also comprises trees, soil, fossil fuels, minerals, etc. Trees help in protecting the soil from getting eroded due to flood or rain. They are also needed to purify the air.

Water is needed not only by human beings for consumption but also for agriculture, the existence of living beings like plants and animals and production in different sectors. The soil is needed for providing the production of food for all living beings as well as for filtering water. Hence, trees, soil and every source of water is needed to be conserved and stopped from getting polluted. These three elements play an important role in the existence of living beings. Pollution of these elements will not only cause us harm, but they will also pose more threat to the coming generations.

Conservation of the environment not only includes the conservation of natural resources. It also refers to the conservation of energy. Solar and wind energy are two forms of renewable energy that will help in the reduction of usage of non-renewable energy like fossil fuels, power cars, etc. If all forms of renewable energy are used to replace the non- renewable forms of energy, a huge positive impact on earth could be achieved. Non-renewable energies take time to replenish; this is the reason why renewable forms of energy should be used.

Apart from the conservation of the environment, certain measures should be taken to replenish the resources of the environment that are being used. Reforestation of trees, composting of soil, to maintain their quality are some of the useful ways to replenish the resources of the environment. These methods will certainly help in maintaining a balance in the environment.

Along with these factors, measures should be taken to reduce pollution in the environment. Usage of electric or hybrid vehicles instead of gas guzzlers can be a wise alternative in reducing carbon emission to the environment. It is also advisable to walk or ride a cycle or share a vehicle to reduce carbon emission. Organic farming is another alternative to maintain the quality of soil as well as the food thereby causing less harm to the environment and reducing health hazards which might be caused due to the usage of chemicals in farming.

Quitting smoking and using natural products instead of chemical products not only benefit your health but also have a positive impact on the environment. One can save water by turning off the faucet or by storing rainwater for different uses. Cleaning clothes and dishes only after having a full load can also save water. Unplugging electrical devices when not in use is a cost-effective and energy-saving way. Besides, one can also reuse and recycle products that will bring a new life to old items. Also, avoiding using plastic products can have a positive impact on the environment.


The aim of sustainable development could be achieved by conserving the environment. It will not only help in reducing the damage to the environment but also help in the preservation of resources for the future generation.

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