Essay on Peacock – For Students and Children In English

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Peacock is one of the most beautiful birds on earth. It is particularly known for its colorful feathers that are a sight to behold. It looks best when it dances merrily in the rain. Peacock is the national bird of India. It finds several references in Indian mythology and history. It is known for its metallic blue and green color and spectacular feather. Various essays of varying lengths will help you to prepare your own essay on Peacock.

Long and Short Essay on Peacock

Essay 1 (250 words)


Peacock is a bird of national importance for the Indians. It has held a very special place in Indian history. Many prominent kings and leaders in the past have shown their fondness for this beautiful creature. Peacock is known worldwide for its mesmerizing beauty.

Peacock – Our National Bird

India boasts of a number of beautiful birds with different features and habits. Some of these birds such as cuckoo and bulbul are amazing when it comes to singing. Other birds have other unique qualities for instance parrot can mimic, the white pigeon is just so beautiful and pure and Asian Paradise Flycatcher is known for its beautiful long tail. Choosing a national bird among such beauties was quite hard.

However, peacock seemed to be a clear winner here. Peacock outsmarts all the birds when it comes to looks. No other bird possesses such big, colorful and bright feathers. Not just its looks, the peacock is also loved for its positive and joyful nature. This can very well be seen by the joy with which the bird dances and makes merry during the monsoon season. Other reasons cited for choosing peacock as the national bird of India include its association with Indian mythology and religion and the fact that it was found in almost every part of the country.

In India, peacocks are found in almost every part. However, these are found in greater numbers in Jammu and Kashmir, South Mizoram, East Assam, and the Indian peninsula.

Peacock was declared the national bird of India in the year 1963. The bird is protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.


Peacock is one of the most beautiful creations of God. It seems like the almighty especially took out time to craft this rare beauty. It has rightly been chosen as the national bird of our country.


Essay 2 (400 words)


Peacock boasts of immense beauty. It is loved for its blue and green colored body, its turquoise, green, blue and brown colored feathers, and its beautiful crest. Catching a glimpse of peacock dancing during the monsoon season can make your day. Peacock has been a source of inspiration for painters, poets, and other artists since times immemorial.

Historical References

Peacock finds many references in Indian history. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan especially got his throne crafted in the form of a peacock. The peacock throne was embedded with numerous jewels that added to its beauty. The Mughal Empire lost this magnificent throne to the Persian emperor Nadir Shah in 1739.

Hunting was a popular activity during the earlier times and the kings indulged in the same quite often. However, King Asoka particularly ensured that people did not hunt down peacock. During his reign, he made the killing of peacock an offense. Interestingly, Aurangzeb, who was otherwise known for his cunning nature also ensured the safety of peacocks. He put a ban on shooting this beautiful bird. During the Gupta period, the peacock was recognized as a royal bird.

Besides, numerous paintings, engravings and pieces of literature in India have been inspired by peacocks. Many invaders were also fascinated by the beauty of a peacock.

Mythological Reference

Peacock has been associated with various Indian Gods and Goddesses. It is believed that peacock came into being from the feathers of Garuda. Garuda is a mythical bird that serves as a mount for Lord Vishnu.

Peacock is the conveyance of God Kartikeya. Kumari, who is a form of Shakti, also rides a peacock. This beautiful bird also serves as a conveyance for Vikata, an incarnation of Lord Ganesha.

Lord Krishna is seen adorning the beautiful peacock feather on his head. Peacock has also been associated with Goddess Laxmi and Goddess Saraswati. Goddess Laxmi is known as the Goddess of luck, beauty and prosperity and Goddess Saraswati are known as the Goddess of wisdom, kindness, and patience.

It is said that Lord Indra took refuge under the peacock wing when it was unable to defeat Ravana. He then blessed the bird with the courage to take on the snakes. It is also said that as a result of a curse, Lord Indra was transformed into a peacock with a thousand eyes.

Peacock feathers are considered sacred in the Hindu religion. People hang peacock feathers at home to bring in good luck and prosperity.


Thus, the peacock is not only associated with beauty and vibrancy but also holds an important place in Indian history and mythology thereby making it all the more special.


Essay 3 (500 words)


Peacock is one of the most beautiful birds on earth. Mostly found in Asian countries, these are famous for their beauty worldwide. People specially visit these countries to catch a glimpse of this beautiful bird. It holds special relevance to the Indians as it is the National Bird of India.

Peacock Habitat

Peacocks prefer living in the forests or places inhabited by a good number of trees such as the outskirts of cities. These are also found in farmland. They look for a place with a water body nearby. They do not build nests. Nests are built by peahen for the purpose of laying eggs. Peacocks usually rest on the ground. Many of them also sleep on the trees, mostly on the low-hanging branches.

Though they love pleasant weather and are particularly fond of the rainy season, peacocks have an amazing ability to adapt in different kinds of climatic conditions. They can survive in extreme climate. These are thus found in the hot desert region as well as in cold and snowy areas. The average age of a peacock is around 20-25 years.

Physical Features of Peacock

Peacock is known for its attractive physical features. Here are the physical features of a peacock that distinguish it from other birds:

  • It is blue and green in color.
  • It has a beautiful crest on its head that adds to its beauty. This crest is unique to peacock.
  • It is known to have a long, colorful and bright tail.
  • The tail comprises of beautiful feathers and constitutes more than half of peacock’s body length.
  • A peacock has around 200 feathers.
  • The feathers are gold, blue, green and brown in color with oval-shaped eye marking.
  • Its long metallic blue colored neck is equally mesmerizing.
  • Its beauty can best be seen when it spreads its feathers to dance.
  • Some peacocks are white in color. These peacocks have a white-colored body and white feathers. These look equally spectacular.

Peacock: Nature and Activities

Peacocks are said to be quite shy in nature. They shy away from humans and are scared of animals. It is common to see peacocks run away and hide in bushes at the sight of people. They love to roam around in groups. It makes them feel safe and secure.

Peacocks are quite observant and vigilant. They can sense danger from far away. Peacocks do not only run or hide to save their own lives but also ensure that their fellow peacocks, peahens and other birds are safe. For this, they shrill to alert everyone around about the danger at hand.

On a usual day, peacock’s voice can be heard during the morning and evening hours when the weather is pleasant. Their voices can be heard more frequently during the monsoon season. Peacocks love the rains. They open up their vibrant and colorful plumes and look their best as they dance during the monsoon season.


Peacocks are the largest flying birds on earth. They are also the most beautiful birds seen on our planet. The sight of peacock dancing is simply mesmerizing.


Essay 4 (600 words)


Peacock, also known as peafowl, is one of the most spectacular creations of God. It is loved for its beauty as well as nature. It is a joyful and harmless bird. Peacock has inspired several pieces of art, particularly in India.

Types of Peacock

There are mainly three types or species of peacocks. Here is a brief look at all these:

  • Indian Peacock

Mostly found in India, Sri Lanka and certain other East Asian countries, it is known to be one of the most popular and beautiful species of a peacock. It is metallic green in color. It has a long blue, green, brown and gold-colored plume which is a treat to the eyes. The blue crest on its head enhances its beauty further. Indian peahen, on the other hand, is brown in color. It has a short tail and green or blue heads.

  • Javanese Peacock

Also known as Green peacock, this species of peacock hails from Indonesia. It looks quite similar to the Indian peacock and is as beautiful. It has a metallic green body. It has a bright-colored long plume that looks stunning. The head of this peacock is adorned with a green-colored crest. Green peahen also has a beautiful green colored body. However, it has a short tail.

  • Congo Peacock

Found in Africa, the Congo peacock looks extremely different from the other two species of a peacock. It has blue colored feathers on its upper body. It does not have long plumage like the Indian and Green peacock. Its crest is also shorter compared to the other two species. Congo peacock thus does not appear attractive. Congo peahen has green and brown feathers.

Peahen is Very Different from Peacock

Peahens are female, extremely plain-looking, unlike the peacocks that look splendid. Indian peahens particularly look quite different from the Indian peacock. While the peacock is metallic blue in color and adorns a colorful plume which is extremely attractive, peahen has a plain brown colored body. It is also devoid of the beautiful long plume. It has a short brown colored tail. Peahen thus looks quite dull compared to the peacock. It also appears quite small in size as it does not have a plume. The dull brown color of the Indian peahen helps it camouflage.

Eating Habits of Peacock

Peacocks are omnivores. This means that they eat flesh as well as vegetation. Peacocks eat grains, fruits, ants, crickets, termites, snakes, lizards, scorpions, and other insects and reptiles. Their vigilant eyes and the ability to act quickly help them hunt down snakes with ease.

Peacocks are particularly loved by the farmers. This is because they eat insects that cause harm to the crops in the farms.

Uses of Peacock Feather

Peacock feathers are extremely beautiful. These are used in various home decor items and other fancy items.  Peacock feather earrings, bracelets, and other jewelry items are also quite popular.

These are not just loved for their beauty but also symbolize prosperity and peace.  These are considered auspicious and are kept at home to bring in positive energy. Its use is quite popular in Vastu Shastra. As per this ancient Hindu system, the different numbers of peacock feathers are tied together and clubbed with various chants for various purposes. Among other uses, these beautiful feathers help in attracting wealth and beauty. Peacock feathers are also used during religious rituals.

Peacock feathers are also known for their miraculous healing properties. These were used in ancient times to heal certain illnesses. The ancient Indian and Sri Lankan literature has a mention of the same.


Though mainly found in Asian countries, peacocks are popular for their beauty worldwide. They look their best when they spread their feathers to dance and make merry during the rainy season.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.