Essay on Population – For Students and Children In English

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Population refers to the total number of organisms inhabiting a particular area. The rapid growth of the population in certain parts of our planet has become a cause of concern. The population is commonly referred to as the total number of people living in an area. However, it also defines the number of organisms who can interbreed. The human population is growing at a rapid pace in certain countries. These countries are being advised to control human control measures.

Long and Short Essay on Population


Essay 1 (250 words)


The population is a commonly used term to denote the number of people living at a place. The density of the population in different parts of the world varies drastically owing to several reasons.

Uneven Distribution of Population

The population on earth is distributed unevenly. While there are certain countries that are facing the problem of population explosion others are sparsely populated. This is not just the case with the human population it also holds good for animals and other organisms. At certain places, you will see a greater number of animals while at some places you will hardly find any.

Things that Impact Population Density

The density of the population in any area is calculated by dividing the total number of people by the area they are living in. The density of the population differs in different places owing to several reasons. Some of the factors that influence the density of population in an area are as follows:

  1. Climate

Places with extremely hot or cold climates are sparsely populated. On the other hand, those that enjoy a moderate climate are densely populated.

  1. Resources

The areas with good availability of resources such as oil, wood, coal, etc are densely populated while those that lack these basic resources are sparsely populated.

  1. Political Environment

Countries that enjoy a stable government and a healthy political environment are densely populated. These countries attract immigrants from other countries thereby populating the area. On the other hand, countries with poor or unstable governments see many people leaving at the availability of any good opportunity elsewhere.

  1. Standard of Living

First world countries such as the U.S.A. attract a lot of immigrants as they offer much better packages and a good standard of living to people. People from different parts of the world immigrate to such countries. This is the reason why the density of the population in such countries is increasing.


Even though certain places around the globe have a low density of population, the overall population of the country has increased over the last few decades and is likely to increase manifolds in the times to come.


Essay 2 (400 words)


The population implies the total number of organisms inhabiting a particular place. The growth of the human population has become a cause of concern in many parts of the world, mainly in poor countries. On the other hand, there are places where the rate of the population is very low.

Increasing Population – A Major Problem in India

India is faced with the problem of a growing population. Around 17% of the world’s population resides in India making it one of the most populous countries in the world. As is the case with almost every developing country, there are several reasons that contribute to the increase in population in India. One of the main reasons for the growth of the population in India is illiteracy. People from the uneducated and poor class are seen bearing a greater number of children.

There are two reasons for this. Firstly, more children for them mean a number of hands to work and earn money for the family. Secondly, most of them are not aware of birth control methods. Early marriage also results in a greater number of children. The growth in the population may also be attributed to the low death rate. Treatments and cures for various illnesses have been developed and thus the death rate has gone down.

Steps Taken for Population Control in India

The government of India has taken certain steps to control the Indian population. Some of these are as follows:

  1. Minimum Marriageable Age

The government has set the minimum marriageable age for men as 21 years and for women as 18 years. However, there is no stringent check on the same. People in the rural and backward areas of the country still marry their children at an early age. The government must increase the minimum age of marriage and also keep a stringent check on the same.

  1. Free Education

The government of India has also made free education available for the children of the country by way of its Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act. Eradicating illiteracy is another way to control the population.

  1. Promoting Adoption

The government of India is also promoting the adoption of children. There are several people who abandon their children at birth owing to various reasons. Adopting children rather than having one’s own is also a good way to control the population.


A growing population is a serious concern in India. While the government has taken certain steps to control the same these are not effective enough. There are many other measures that need to be taken to curb this issue.


Essay 3 (500 words)


The population commonly refers to the total number of people living in a particular region. However, the word population does not only mean the human population but also the wildlife population and the overall population of animals and other living organisms who have the ability to reproduce. Ironically while the human population is increasing at a rapid pace, the population of animals is going down.

How Science and Technology have Led to Human Population Explosion?

There are several factors that have led to population explosion in various parts of the world over the last few decades. One of the leading factors is progress in the field of science and technology. While earlier there was a balance between the birth rate and the death rate of human beings, the advancement in medical science has created an imbalance in the same. Medicines and advanced medical equipment have been developed to cure several diseases. With the help of these, the death rate among human beings has been brought down and this has led to population explosion.

Besides, technological growth has given way to industrialization. While earlier most people were involved in agricultural activities and earned their livelihood via the same, many have now turned towards jobs in different factories. The population of the regions where these industries are set up is thus becoming denser by the day.

Impact of Human Population Growth on Wildlife Population

While the human population is on the verge of explosion, the wildlife population is decreasing over time. The population of several species of birds and animals has gone down drastically owing to factors for which human beings alone can be held responsible. Some of these are discussed below in detail:

  1. Deforestation

The wildlife animals reside in forests. Deforestation means destroying their habitat. Nevertheless, human beings are ruthlessly cutting and destroying the forests to fulfill their own needs. Several species of animals have decreased and several others have gone extinct due to the degradation or loss of their habitat.

  1. Growing Pollution

The growing air, water, and land pollution is another major reason why several animals are dying at an early age. Many species of animals are not being able to cope up with the growing pollution. They incur certain diseases due to it and face fatal consequences.

  1. Changes in the Climate

The climate in various parts of the world has changed drastically. Many areas that earlier received moderate rainfall now witness flood-like conditions. Similarly, the areas that remained mildly hot during the summer season now experience extremely hot weather. While human beings are equipped to adapt to such situations, animals cannot withstand the same.


Man has always thought about his well-being and comfort overlooking the impact it has on the plants, animals and the overall environment around him. If human beings continue to behave this way earth would no longer remain fit for the survival of human beings. It is time we must recognize the importance of controlling the human population as well as the practices that are ruining our planet.


Essay 4 (600 words)


The population is the term used to denote the total number of people living in an area. It does not only refer to human beings but also to other forms of living organisms that have the ability to reproduce and multiply. The population in many parts of the earth is increasing. While the governments of different countries are trying to curb the issue by various means, a lot still needs to be done in order to control it.

Why is it Necessary to Control Population?

The growing rate of population is a cause of several problems. The developing countries are struggling hard to reach up to the level of the developed countries and the rapid growth in the population in these countries is one of the main hindrances in this direction. The problem of unemployment is on an all-time high only because of the growing population. There are numerous people seeking jobs but the vacancies are limited. Unemployment causes poverty which is another problem. It also creates dissatisfaction among the people and gives rise to crime. Those who do not get their desired jobs often adopt unsolicited means to earn money.

It is also to be understood that the resources are limited but due to the increasing number of people the demand is growing higher. Forests are being cut and huge office and residential buildings are being made in their place. Why? It is all being done to accommodate the growing population. Natural resources are being depleted at a rapid pace because of the greater number of people using them. This is causing an imbalance in the environment. More and more natural resources are being used to meet the demands of the people. This does not only cause degradation of the environment but also increases the cost of living. Controlling the population has thus become the need of the hour. It is necessary for establishing balance and harmony in the environment. It will also ensure a better standard of living for people.

Possible Steps to Control Human Population

Here are a few possible steps to control the human population:

  1. Education

People from the poor and uneducated classes are mostly the ones who do not plan a family. They treat women as a childbearing machine and have children one after the other. It is essential to educate people. The government must take steps to make education necessary for all.

  1. Family Planning

It is essential for the government to sensitize people about the importance of family planning. This should be done repeatedly by means of radio, television, the internet and other forms of communication.

  1. Monetary Benefits

The government should exempt the taxes or provide other monetary benefits to the families who have a single child. Since people today are money-driven, this will be an effective step towards controlling the population. The governments of quite a few countries have already implemented such policies.

  1. Fine or Penalty

Just as the government can provide monetary benefits to those who do proper family planning, it should also put a fine on the ones who do not. A penalty should be levied on families with more than two children.

  1. Strict Monitoring

The government must not only implement the aforementioned points but also keep a stark check on the same and ensure that these are followed.


People must understand the importance of controlling the population. It would not only give them a clean and green environment and a better standard of living but will also help in the overall development of their country. The government must also take this matter seriously and put proper rules and policies in place to ensure population control. Both the public and the government require working together to control this problem.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.