Hockey is a field game played between two teams consisting of eleven players each. The game is played with sticks and a ball. Each team tries to score a goal by hitting the ball in the opponent team’s goal with the help of hockey sticks. There are many types of hockey games such as bandy – played on ice; field hockey- played on grass or artificial turf and rink hockey or roller hockey played with five members in each team. Games similar to the hockey have been played in ancient Egypt, almost 4000 years ago, dating before 1272 BC. Field Hockey is also the national sport of India.
Long and Short Essay on Hockey
Essay 1 (250 words)
Hockey is a nice game generally liked and played by the youths of the country. It is also played in other countries worldwide. However, it is the national game of India, as India has been glorified by this sport many times through amazing wins. Indian has been the world champion in the field of hockey for many years.
Now this game has also been popular in other countries such as Holland, Germany, Pakistan, Australia, England, etc. It is a fast game, in which players have to run all the time whenever the game takes its speed. It is a game of two teams with eleven players in each. Players have to be alert all through the time until the game becomes over. All the positions of players in this game (such as goalkeeper, right-backs, center forwards and left backs) become very important.
Some of the Indian heroes of golden era hockey were Dhyan Chand, Ajit Pal Singh, Dhanraj Pillay, Ashok Kumar, Udham Singh, Baboo Nimal, Balbir Singh Sr., Mohammed Shahid, Gagan Ajit Singh, Leslie Claudius, etc. They were real heroes who led India towards a huge success in the field of hockey. Dhyan Chand was a brilliant hockey player who is still called the wizard of hockey.
India became the world champion first time in hockey in 1928 and won the Gold Medal at Amsterdam Olympics. After that year, India had continued maintaining its world championship in hockey till it lost to win in the Rome Olympics. Later, it got seventh place in the Montreal Olympics, regained Gold Medal in Moscow Olympics (1980); however, again lost a Gold Medal in 1984.
Essay 2 (300 words)
Hockey is an outdoor game played by two teams having eleven players in each. It has been chosen as the national game of India because India has been a world champion in hockey for many years. It is not officially declared as the national game however only considered as the national game as India had won many gold medals in hockey. It is played in many countries all over the world. It is not an expensive game and can be played by any youth. It is a game of much interest and enjoyment which involves a lot of action and suspense. It is a very fast game and the situation change very often in this game which creates surprise.
Importance of Hockey in India
Hockey is a game of much importance in India as it is chosen as the national game because it had made India a world champion in hockey many times. This game has a big and bright history as it was deep-rooted in India by the brilliant hockey players. It is one of the oldest known sports of India however the root has been weak now because of the lack of talented hockey players and required facilities. This game is considered to be in existence for around 1200 years old before the Ancient Games of Olympia.
Earlier it was played in different variations, however, currently, it is played as field hockey which was developed in the British Isles in the 19th century. It was an English school game however brought to India by British Army regiments. Later, it was spread internationally and got worldwide popularity. In order to govern this game and standardize its rules, London Hockey Association was formed. Later, the International Hockey Federation (in 1924) and the International Federation of Women’s Hockey were formed.
The first hockey club in India was formed in Calcutta (1885-86). Indian hockey players made their successful Olympic debut in 1928 Amsterdam Games where they won the Olympic gold medal. It happened because of a brilliant Indian hockey legend named Dhyan Chand. He really mesmerized all the Indians in front of the Amsterdam crowd. India continuously won six Olympic gold medals and 24 consecutive hockey matches during its golden era of hockey. Some of the outstanding players of the golden era of hockey were Dhyan Chand, Balbir Singh Sr., Ajit Pal Singh, Ashok Kumar, Udham Singh, Dhanraj Pillay, Baboo Nimal, Mohammed Shahid, Gagan Ajit Singh, Leslie Claudius, etc.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Hockey is the most popular and interesting game played in many countries. It has been chosen as the national game of India however never got any official declaration. This game has two teams with eleven players in each. Players of a team in this game aimed to make maximum goals against other teams by putting a ball into the opponent’s goal post using a hockey stick. Our country has made an excellent record in the field of hockey after winning the six Olympic gold medals and various consecutive matches. The period when India won various consecutive hockey matches is called as the golden period (1928 to 1956). Dhyan Chand was a famous hockey player of the golden time and known as the wizard of hockey because of his outstanding achievement.
History and Origin of Hockey
Hockey is an ancient game played for years in India. It is played with a hockey stick and a ball. It was played in Ireland before 1272 BC and during 600 BC in Ancient Greece. There are various variations of hockey; some of them are named as field hockey, ice hockey, sledge hockey, roller hockey, street hockey, etc. Nowadays, field hockey is generally played. Ice hockey was evolved as a derivative of field hockey to be played in the icy conditions of Canada and the northern United States.
Equipment Needed to Play Hockey
Playing hockey games in a safe manner requires some important equipment which is named as the helmet, neck guard, shoulder pads, elbow pads, Jockstrap with cup pocket and protective cup (to support or protect male genitals), hockey stick, and a puck or ball.
Forms of Hockey
Other forms of the hockey (derived from hockey or its predecessors) are like air hockey, beach hockey, ball hockey, box hockey, deck hockey, floor hockey, foot hockey, gym hockey, mini hockey, Nok Hockey, pond hockey, power hockey, Rossall hockey, skater hockey, table hockey, underwater hockey, unicycle hockey and many more.
Future of Hockey in India
As we all know, the good time of hockey games in India became really over after the golden era of hockey in India. It was due to the lack of interested and talented hockey players as well as required facilities for youths to continue the game in the future. It seems that it will never finish and the golden era of hockey will return back because of the love, respect, and dedication of Indian youths in this national game.
However, it needs a lot of effort, dedication, and support from the Indian government to bring a golden period of hockey back in India. Hockey India League is planning to implement some effective strategies to expand hockey teams (8 teams by 2016 and 10 teams by 2018). There is a favorable agreement made between Hockey India and Hockey Australia to participate in hockey for the upcoming three seasons (6 match test tournament will take place from 2016 to 2018 in Australia).
Hockey is a national game of India. It is only said so, however not officially declared. Now, it is our responsibility to make it an officially declared national game by bringing its golden period again. It should be highly promoted among students from school time by providing them all the facilities from the end of teachers, parents, and government.