Independence Day Essay – For Students and Children In English

Last Updated on

Each year India celebrates its Independence Day on 15th August. It was on this day in 1947 that India had gained independence from the United Kingdom. The day has a remarkable place in Indian history as the Indian Constituent Assembly was granted Legislative sovereignty by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Long and Short Essay on Independence Day

Essay 1 (250 words)

Independence Day in India is celebrated as a national holiday every year on the 15th of August when people remember the long event of independence of our Nation from British rule. India got independence on August 15th in 1947 after lots of movement of Independence during which many freedom fighters sacrificed their lives. After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Indian Prime Minister on the 17th of August in 1947 who raised the National Flag at Red Fort near Lahore Gate in Delhi.

Students, teachers, parents and other people come together to celebrate Independence Day by unfurling the National Flag and singing National Anthem. Our tricolor National Flag is also hosted by the Indian prime minister in the National capital, New Delhi at Red Fort. After that, the salute is given by firing 21 guns and tricolor flower showering is held on the flag with the helicopter. The tricolor of our Flag represents saffron for courage and sacrifice, white for peace and truth and green for faith and chivalry.

There is an Ashok chakra in the center of our Flag which contains 24 spikes distributed evenly. On this special day, we remember the great sacrifices of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Raj Guru, Gandhiji and other dared freedom fighters for their unforgettable contribution to the independence of India. Students give a speech on the subjects of freedom fighters on the Independence day celebration in schools.

They also involved in the parade, march past, singing patriotic songs, etc. Other people celebrate this day according to their own way such as watching patriotic movies, going outside the home with family, meet with friends or participate in the events organized in public places.


Essay 2 (300 words)

Independence Day is celebrated by the people of India every year on the 15th of August as a National Holiday to commemorate the independence of India from the Kingdom of Great Britain on the 15th of August in 1947. On this day, people of India pay heartily homage to the great leaders in the leadership of whom India became free forever.

At this day, people celebrate in their own way by buying tricolor Flag, watching movies based on freedom fighters, listening patriotic songs, bonding with family and friends, participating in special contests, programs, and articles organized by the broadcast, print, and online media to promote the awareness about day.

Jawaharlal Nehru became our first Prime Minister after the independence of India on the 17th of August 1947 who raised the Flag at Lahore Gate of Red Fort in Delhi and given a speech. This phenomenon is followed by the other subsequent Prime Ministers of India where flag hoisting ceremonies, parades, march past, salute by 21 guns and other cultural events are organized. Other people celebrate this day by raising the national flags on their clothes, homes or vehicles.

On the midnight of 15th August in 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had announced the independence of India by reading out his speech on “Tryst with destiny”. He said that after long years of slavery, it is the time when we will redeem our pledge with the end of our ill-fortune.

India is a country where millions of people live together whether they belong to various religions, cultures or traditions and celebrate this special occasion with great joy. On this day, as being an Indian, we should feel proud and must take an oath to keep ourselves loyal and patriotic in order to save our motherland from any type of attack or humiliation by other countries.


Essay 3 (400 words)

Independence Day in India is the most important day for every Indian citizen as our country got freedom from British rule. We celebrate this day every year on the 15th of August from 1947. Our country is counted as the world’s largest democracy all over the world.

India became an independent country on 15th of August in 1947 after sacrifices of thousands of freedom fighters (such as Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Moulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sukhdev, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Chandra Shekhar Azad, etc) who worked hard to get independence from the British rule.

Each and every Indian celebrates his/her freedom in their own way such as decorating their places of celebration, raising National Flag, march past, watching favorite movies, dancing in the streets, singing National Anthem or patriotic songs or participating in many social activities organized at public places. Independence Day is celebrated by the government of India every year when the current Prime Minister of India raises out tricolor national flag at the Red Fort in Delhi followed by Indian army parade, march past, National Anthem recitation, speech, and other cultural activities.

Independence Day in India is celebrated with the National Flag salute by the 21 guns firing. Similarly, the Independence Day celebration takes place in every state of the country where the Governor and the Chief Minister of the states become main guests. Some people get prepared in the early morning and wait for the speech of the Indian Prime Minister at the TV. On the 15th of August people get inspired by the history of India’s independence and do some social activities like that and watch movies based on patriotic themes.

The great non-violence movement of the Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu, helps a lot to our freedom fighters to get freedom from the British rule after 200 long years of struggle. The hard struggle for Independence of India has worked as a huge moving force for every Indian which binds them together in one place whether they belong to different castes, classes, cultures to ritual beliefs to fight them from British rule for their rights. Even women (Aruna Asaf Ali, Vijay Laxmi Pandit, Sarojini Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Kamala Nehru, Annie Besant, etc) came out from their houses and played their great role in getting freedom.

Essay 4 (600 Words)


Independence Day is one of the national festivals of India with the other two being Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. It is celebrated on the 15th of August each year ever since India got independence from British rule in 1947. The day celebrates freedom and independence in the true sense.

The history behind Independence Day

India was ruled by the British for almost two centuries. The citizens of our country suffered at the hands of the tyrant British officials for years until they finally managed to gather strength and fight them. They struggled for the independence of our country selflessly and tirelessly under the leadership of patriots such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Chandra Shekhar Azad, and Bhagat Singh. While some of these leaders advocated the path of non-violence others took to aggressive means to fight the British.

However, the ultimate aim of all of them was to drive the British out of the country. After numerous freedom movements, protests, and sacrifices, our country finally got independence on 15th August 1947 which was declared as Independence Day of our country.

Why Do We Celebrate Independence Day?

We celebrate Independence Day to celebrate the spirit of freedom and independence. It is also celebrated to commemorate the sacrifices of our freedom fighters. This day is a reminder that the freedom we enjoy today has been earned the hard way and that we must value it as well as make the most of it for our good and the good of our nation.

By way of Independence Day celebrations each year the younger generation is acquainted with the struggles of the people who lived in the British colonized India. The celebration is a way of invoking patriotic feelings among the people of our country to encourage them to stay united and work for its betterment.

Activities on Independence Day

Independence Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm in different parts of our country. Various big and small events are organized in schools, colleges, offices and residential societies to celebrate this day. Here are some of the activities done on Independence Day:

  • Flag Hoisting: On this day, the Prime Minister of our country hoists the Indian National Flag at Red Fort. This is followed by 21 gunshots in the honor of the occasion. Flag hoisting is done as a part of the Independence Day celebration throughout the country.
  • Speeches/ Debates/ Quiz: Speeches are delivered as a part of the Independence Day celebration in schools, colleges, and other places. Debate and quiz competitions are also held in educational institutes. Essay writing and painting competitions are also organized to celebrate this day.
  • Fancy Dress Competitions: Fancy dress competitions are held in schools and residential societies. Small kids are seen dressed up as freedom fighters.
  • Kite Flying Competition: Kite flying competitions are also held on this day. Numerous colorful kits are seen flying in the sky. This is seen as a mark of freedom.
  • Sweet Distribution: Sweets are distributed after flag hoisting.

Significance of Independence Day

Independence Day holds special significance for every Indian. It is a day that reminds them of the struggle and sacrifices of the freedom fighters. It inspires the youth of the nation to stand for the honor of the country. It fills the hearts of the people with patriotism and they are motivated to work for the good of their country. The spirit of patriotism is seen across the country particularly on this special day.


Independence Day is celebrated with immense zeal all across our country. People of all ages come forward to celebrate this day. Songs are sung in praise of the freedom fighters as well as our motherland. People are seen dressed up in tri-color. The sky seems full of kites and there is joy all around.

Recommended Reading...

Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.