National Festivals of India Essay – For Students and Children In English

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India is a land of festivals. It celebrates numerous religious festivals and three national festivals. Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October), Republic Day (26th January) and Independence Day (15th August) are the three national festivals celebrated in the country. The government of India has declared a national holiday on the national festivals of the country. All the schools, colleges, offices and markets across the country are closed on these festivals. The national holidays are celebrated throughout the nation with a nationalistic and patriotic zeal.

Long and Short Essay on National Festivals of India

Essay 1 (250 Words)


Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day are the three national festivals of India. Each of these festivals has its own importance and relevance. These are celebrated for different reasons. Here is a brief about each of these festivals and their importance:

Independence Day

India got independence on 15th August 1947. 15th August every year since then is celebrated as Independence Day. The day is celebrated as a mark of respect to the freedom fighters who fought selflessly for the freedom of our country. Their heroic deeds are remembered on this day. Speeches narrating the freedom movements and the bravery of the freedom fighters are delivered to honor the great souls and inspire the youth of the country. Flag hoisting is done at various places across the country and cultural programs are organized.

Republic Day

The constitution of India came into form on 26th January 1950. This is considered to be one of the most significant days in the history of our country. With the formation of the constitution, India became a sovereign state. 26th January since then is celebrated at large scale in the country. The main Republic Day event is held at Rajpath in New Delhi. Parades, dances, and various other cultural events are held during this event. It is a mark of respect for the constitution of India. Many small events are held across the country to celebrate this day.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the 2nd of October each year. It is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi who was one of the most loved Indian leaders. He followed the path of truth and non-violence and was joined by numerous Indians to drive the British away. The day is celebrated to honor his ideologies and contribution towards the independence of our country.


Thus, all three national festivals of India hold special significance for its citizens. These are celebrated with great zeal across the country.


Essay 2 (400 Words)


National Festivals of our country are major events that call for major celebrations. Each of these festivals is celebrated in its own unique way. Here is how the three national festivals, Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti are celebrated in India:

Independence Day Celebration

Independence Day is celebrated at the national level at Red Fort in Delhi. The Prime Minister of the country hoists the Indian National Flag on this historical site on the 15th of August each year. The ritual started after the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag here on 15th August 1947 as the country attained independence from the clutches of the British rule.

21 gunshots are also fired each year as a part of the Independence Day celebration. The Prime Minister of the country then addresses the nation. Flag Hoisting is also done in various other parts of the country. Cultural programs and kite flying competitions are organized in schools, colleges, offices and residential areas across the country to celebrate the occasion.

Republic Day Celebration

The President of India who is the constitutional head of the country hoists national flag at Rajpath, New Delhi on the 26th of January each year. This is followed by parades of the National Cadet Corps and the Indian Army. Vibrant and beautiful tableau demonstrating the culture of different Indian states also parade during the event. School students perform dances and give other performances on Rajpath.

The soldiers who fought bravely for the country are remembered and honored on this day. The President awards these brave personalities with Ashoka Chakra and Kirti Chakra. The governors of different states hoist the Indian national flag in their respective states. Republic Day celebrations are also done in schools, offices and other institutions.

Gandhi Jayanti Celebration

The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi is remembered fondly on the 2nd of October, Gandhi Jayanti. The statues of Mahatma Gandhi are decorated with flowers on this day. Educational institutions and offices organize special events on this occasion. Speeches about the achievements and contributions of Mahatma Gandhi are delivered during such events. Prayer meetings are held and Gandhi Ji’s memorial is visited by various ministers to pay homage to the departed soul. Songs are sung in his praise. Painting and essay competitions are also held as a part of the Gandhi Jayanti celebration.


The citizens of India participate wholeheartedly in the celebration of all three national festivals of the country. The citizens are socked in love and devotion to the country during these festivals.


Essay 3 (500 Words)


The Indian national festivals, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day, are celebrated in schools across the country. Since these are all national holidays most of the schools celebrate these festivals a day before. It is time for a double celebration for the students as it means no classes for two days. Here is the importance of celebrating national festivals in schools:

  1. Independence Day

Independence Day is the most loved national festivals of our country. Here is the significance of celebrating this festival in schools:

  • To pay Tribute to the Freedom Fighters: The first and foremost reason for Independence Day celebration in schools is to ensure that the younger generation values the sacrifices of the freedom fighters and honors them. It is a mark of respect to the freedom fighters that fought bravely for the freedom of our country.
  • To Acquaint the Young Minds with Freedom Struggle: Independence Day celebrations in schools are a way to acquaint the younger generation with the struggles and hardships people went through during the British reign. Speeches are delivered and skits are performed to narrate how the freedom fighters made protests and held various freedom movements to weaken the British Empire and push them out of the country and how the general public supported them in this endeavor.
  • To Celebrate the Spirit of Freedom: Independence Day celebrations are also done to celebrate the spirit of freedom. Kite flying competitions are organized at various schools to celebrate the same.
  • To Instill Feeling of Patriotism in Young Generation: The celebration is also a means to instill the feeling of patriotism in the young minds – a feeling which is missing in the younger generation these days.
  1. Republic Day

Republic Day celebration in schools across the country is as grand as Independence Day celebrations. Here is the importance of celebrating Republic Day in our country:

  • To Emphasize the Importance of Indian Constitution: The constitution of India was formed on the 26th of January 1950. This day is celebrated in schools each year to emphasize the importance of the Indian constitution to the students.
  • To Bring the Young Generation Closer to the Country: Republic Day speeches are delivered to narrate the challenges and hardships faced during the formation of the Indian constitution and the leaders involved in the same. Republic Day celebration in schools is a way of bringing the young generation closer to its country.
  1. Gandhi Jayanti

Here is the importance of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti in schools:

  • To Inspire the Young Minds with Bapu’s Ideologies: Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in schools to honor the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi and inspire the young minds to follow his ideologies. The young generation is motivated to follow the path of truth and non-violence listening to the inspirational life story of Bapu.
  • To Instill the Feeling of Patriotism: Bapu was a true patriot. The celebration in schools across the country on his birthday is a celebration of the feeling of patriotism. It is a way to instill the students with love for their nation.


Students participate in these celebrations with enthusiasm. The entire atmosphere is infused with the feeling of patriotism.


Essay 4 (600 Words)


India is known as the land of festivals. Each Indian state has its own special festivals that are celebrated with enthusiasm each year. People deck up their houses, wear new clothes and visit their near and dear ones during these festivals. Besides these numerous religious festivals, the country also celebrates three national festivals. These are Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. All these festivals are celebrated with immense zeal throughout the country. Here is the history behind the celebration of these festivals and their significance:

1: Independence Day

  • The Freedom Struggle

India was colonized by the British for decades. The citizens of India were treated poorly during the British reign. They were made to work hard but were paid meagrely for the same. The tyranny of the British kept increasing by the day and eventually there emerged a few Indian leaders who gathered to courage to oppose their cruel means. Freedom fighters such as Mahatma Gandhi, Chandra Shekhar Azaad, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Sarojini Naidu did not only fight for the country but also inspired the general public to participate in the freedom struggle.

  • A Day to Honour the Freedom Fighters

The efforts of the Indian freedom fighters and those who joined them for the struggle finally paid off in the year 1947. India attained freedom on 15th August 1947 and this day each year is celebrated as Independence Day to honor and respect the great leaders who helped us attain freedom.

  • A Day to Celebrate Freedom

Independence Day is also a day to celebrate freedom and independence. Several events are organized throughout the country to celebrate this day.

2: Republic Day

  • A Day to Celebrate the Formation of Indian Constitution

The Government of India Act (1935) was replaced by the Constitution of India with effect from 26th January 1950. It became the governing document of the country. Republic Day is celebrated each year as a mark of honor to the Indian constitution.

  • Major Celebration Time

There is a grand celebration on Republic Day each year. This day is celebrated like no other. A major Republic Day event takes place in the country’s capital, New Delhi. The President of India hoists the national flag of the country at Rajpath. This is followed by the Indian national anthem and a host of parades. The parades and cultural events add to the color and flavor of this national festival. Bravery awards are also awarded as a part of this event.

3: Gandhi Jayanti

  • A Day to Remember the Most Revered Freedom Fighter

Mahatma Gandhi took an active part in the Indian freedom struggle. He carried out various freedom movements and challenged the British at every step. 2nd October, his birthday is celebrated by the entire nation each year to pay tribute to him.

  • An Inspiration to Follow the Path of Truth and Non-Violence

The ideologies of Mahatma Gandhi were different from that of the other leaders of his time. While most of the other freedom fighters took to aggressive means to drive the British out, Mahatma Gandhi followed the path of truth and non-violence. His ideologies were not only an inspiration for the people of his own time but also for the young generation today. Gandhi Jayanti is a way to remind us of Bapu’s great ideologies and inculcate them in our lives.


Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti are indeed special days for the Indians. These have been declared as national holidays. People across the country celebrate these festivals with all their hearts. Schools, offices, markets, and housing societies are all decked up with tri-color ribbons, balloons and flags during these festivals. Patriotic songs are played to fill the atmosphere with the feeling of patriotism on these festivals.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.