National Integration Essay – For Students and Children In English

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National integration is a feeling of oneness and togetherness by the citizens of a nation. It is very important for the citizens to live in harmony and for the progress of the nation. Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi had also stressed on national integration as he knew its importance in fighting with the Britishers. National Integration is very important and significant from the nation’s security point of view. There is an urgent need to raise national integration in the best interest of the nation and its people.

Long and Short Essay on National Integration

Essay 1 (250 words)

National integration is a process to bring unity among people of different religions to create a single identity of India as “Unity of People”. It is one and only way to remove inequality and other social issues like diversities, racial discriminations, etc in the society as well as strengthen solidarity and unity. India is a multi-caste and multi-lingual country where people from different castes live and speak different languages. They follow their own customs and traditions according to the religion they belong to. In India, there is not only a diversity among people of religions, castes, creeds, colors, and cultures but there is also a diversity of thinking which is a big issue of improper development in India.

There is a high degree of disintegration that exists among Indian people which make a bad present scenario here with communal and other problems. Because of the disintegration in India, we have faced lots of social problems like partition in India in 1947, the destruction of Babri Masjid in 1992, riots between people of Muslim and Hindu religions. The barrier of untouchability, barrier of language, status barrier, and other social barriers are pulling us back. Various rules and regulations have been planned and implemented by the government of India to bring artificial unity in diversity however it is the only human mind that can bring natural unity in diversity among people.

All the social issues arising here is because of the lack of national integration. We all should understand the need and requirement, real meaning and purpose of this national integration. We should live and think equally as well as follow all the rules and regulations by the Indian government for the ultimate development of our country.


Essay 2 (300 words)

India is a land where contrasts people with their unique culture and diverse facets of lifestyle are living. Obviously, it is quite clear that we need to understand the meaning of national integration in our lives and follow everything to give a single identity of our country. People in India belong to different castes, races, religions, communities, and cultural groups and lived together for years. Diversity of religions, castes, and creeds has enriched the cultural heritage of India which arisen here a composite culture however it is very clear that India has always lacked political unity.

Indian has attained only once a political unity in history in 1947 when Britishers were forced to go from here. They had followed various types of planned policies to divide and rule here however finally they became unsuccessful. Some of the points like cultural unity, defensive continuity, constitution, art, literature, common economic problems, national flag, national festivals, national anthem, and national emblem are promoting the National Integration in India.

Instead of being from different religions and cases we should recognize that all are one in order to build a strong and prosperous nation. We need to understand the real meaning of the unity in diversity in India. It never means kind of oneness should be here because of racial and cultural similarity, it means that oneness instead of great differences here. India is counted as the country having the second largest population all over the world, where more than one thousand six hundred fifty-two languages are spoken and people from all major religions of the world are living here together. In spite of all differences, we should co-exist here with each other peacefully without any political or social conflicts. We should enjoy the unity in this great country where everything is diverse to fulfill the purpose of national integration.


Essay 3 (400 words)

India is a country of diversity in people’s races, religions, languages, castes, etc however unity is also seen here many times under the influence of common territory, history and continuous fight for freedom from British rule. Britishers followed many years the policy of Divide and Rule in India in order to continue their ruling power over India. However, the unity of Indian people from different races, religions, and castes makes possible to run away the Britishers. However, after independence disintegration took place which divided India into Bharat and Pakistan.

Indian is a land of various religious communities like Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Jains, Buddhists and Parses. National integration is possible here only when each community live peacefully together, appreciate other community, love people of other community and respect the culture and tradition of others. People from each community should observe their fairs, festivals and other great days peacefully. Each community should help each other and share the celebration of religious festivals. Any religious community should not do anything bad which is banned or prohibited in other religious communities.

People of different religions speak different languages like Hindi, English, Urdu, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Punjabi, etc. There should be equality among people of all religions and the same facility for students of all castes. National integration in India is an immediate need in modern times to bring equality among people of all races and equal growth and development of all communities for the ultimate development of the country. The Indian government has founded the Council of National Integration in the hope that people living here would co-operate in fulfilling the purpose of its all programs.

National integration is one combining a group of all the people living in the nation to make a single identity. National integration is a particular sentiment that binds people together into one common bond of a nation without noticing the religion, caste, background or language. We should identify ourselves as people of India not as from a particular religion or caste. India is a big country with having a vast population of various creed and castes. It is a heritage rich country however we cannot say it a country having unity of people. It is possible through the huge awareness of the youths of the country. As a youth, we are the future of our country so we should fully understand our responsibility towards our nation and do all the required activities needed for national integration.


Essay 4 (600 words)


National integration refers to the feeling of oneness and unity among the citizens of a country. It is the recognition of being one despite the difference in caste, creed, color, and religion. National integration is extremely essential to maintain the peace and prosperity of a country. A country where people live in harmony with each other stands far better prospects of growth and development compared to one where people lack unity. The government must take initiatives to invoke and promote the feeling of oneness among citizens.

Importance of National Integration

National integration is of utmost importance for any nation. It helps in bringing people closer and promotes peace and harmony in society. It is the basis of a peaceful nation. The government must take it as its duty to ensure national integrity in order to give a safe and secure environment to the citizens. Only when the individuals feel safe can they prosper and grow. It is thus essential for the overall development of a nation.

Many third world countries including India have not been able to come at par with the first world nations due to lack of national integration. People in these countries are so engrossed in pulling each other down that they do not understand that they are barring their own growth in the event. They keep fighting for their petty issues and are unable to look at the bigger picture. They lack the capacity of viewing the nation as a whole.

A handful of such people instigate those around them and form groups thereby promoting hatred among people which is a threat to national integration which in turn is a threat to the peace and harmony of the country. The government must intervene here and sensitize people about the need to do away with the feeling of hatred and contribute towards national integration. However, the government of many such nations often neglects and overlooks this issue thereby giving rise to disintegration.

Factors Affecting National Integration in India

Though we proudly say that India is a land of unity among diversity, we do know that this is not completely true. Even as the Indian government is making attempts to ensure national integration, it often falls short. There have been several instances of communal and religious riots in our country and several innocent lives have suffered due to the same. A number of factors affect the national integration of our country. Main factors impacting the same are as follows:

  1. Caste: The caste system in India has divided people more than anything. Since ancient times, people have been divided into four different castes including the Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. People belonging to the upper castes such as Brahmanas and Kshatriyas look down upon those belonging to the lower castes. This has given rise to several clashes and fights.
  2. Religion: People from different religions live in our country and each one of them is determined to prove that his religion and language are superior to the other. This is another cause of disintegration.
  3. Economic Disparity: There is huge economic disparity among the citizens of our country. This is another cause of division among people and a hindrance to national integration.


National integration plays a key role in building a nation. The need for the same is felt but the attempts to encourage it haven’t been as successful in India. There is still a lot of disparity and hatred among the people of our country. The government must take some stringent steps to promote national integration and people must support it to strengthen the nation and give a better future to the coming generations.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.