Rabindranath Tagore was a polymath from India whose knowledge expanded over a wide number of areas including music, literature, art, etc. Born in West Bengal on 7th May 1861, Tagore started writing poetry at an early age of eight. Tagore strongly denounced the British Raj and supported Indian Nationalists. Tagore was critical of Gandhi’s activism; however, he played a significant role in resolving the dispute between Gandhi and Ambedkar on the dispute over separate electorates for the untouchables.
Long and Short Essay on Rabindranath Tagore
Essay 1 (250 words)
Rabindranath Tagore was also known as Rabindranath Thakur and more popularly as Gurudev. He was a great Indian poet who has given many famous writings to the country. Undoubtedly, he was a greatest poet after Kalidas. Now, he is well known all over the world as the greatest Indian poets and writers of all ages.
He was born in a rich and cultured family in Jorasanko, Kolkata on the 7th of May in 1861 to the Maharshi Debendranath Tagore (father) and Sarada Devi (mother). He lost his mother at his fourteen in 1875. He developed the interest of writing poems at an early age. He was also a painter, a philosopher, a patriot, an educationist, a novelist, a singer, an essayist, a story writer, and a construction worker.
His great writings in the form of novels and short stories indicate his wisdom, deep experience and understanding about human character. He was a poet who has given a nice national anthem “Jan Gana Mana”. Some of his important works are “Geetanjali”, “Amar Shonar Bangla”, “Ghare-Baire”, “Rabindra Sangeet”, etc. He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in 1913 for his great English version writing of “Geetanjali”.
He was the first Indian and first Asian to get this award. He was the founder of Vishwabharati University at Santiniketan in 1902. His endless love towards his country and countrymen forced him to reject “Knighthood”, an award was given by the British government, in 1919 in a protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre. His great writings still inspire and encourage people of the country.
Essay 2 (300 words)
Rabindranath Tagore was a famous Indian poet who popularly known as Gurudev. He was born in Kolkata on the 7th of May in 1861 in a rich and cultural family. His parents were Maharishi Debendranath (father) and Sharda Devi (mother). He was very much interested in writing a poem from his childhood. Together with being a great poet, he was also a humanist, patriot, painter, novelist, story-writer, educationist and philosopher. He was a cultural ambassador for the country who spread the knowledge of Indian culture all around the world. He was a talented and genius child of his time who did great works. He was like a rising sun in the field of poem writing.
He had shown well the mental and moral spirit of the people through his writings in poems or story forms. His writings have also been proved to be path-breaking and revolutionary even for today’s people. He was full of sorrow because of the massacre tragedy at Jalianwala Bagh in which many innocent people including women and children were killed on the 13th of April in 1919 at Amritsar by General Dyer and his soldiers.
He was a great poet however a patriot too who always believed in the oneness of life and its expression. Through his writings, he tried his best to bring people much closer to unite them in order to maintain the love, peace, and brotherhood. He had described well about love and harmony through his poetry and stories. His whole life also provides a clear view of love and harmony with each other. His devotion towards his country is shown by the following statement, “My country that is forever India, the country of my forefathers, the country of my children, my country has given me life and strength.” And again, “I shall be born in India again.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian poet, was born on the 7th of May in 1861 at Calcutta, India to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He was born in a rich and cultural Brahmin family. He took his early education at home under private teachers and never attended school however went to England for higher studies. He started writing poems at an early age of eight. His poetry was published under the pseudonym Bhanushingho (Sun Lion) when he was just sixteen. He went to England in 1878 to study law however returned India before completing to pursue the career as a poet and writer.
He translated his work Geetanjali into English during the long sea journey to England. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature within the year his Geetanjali was published. He has mentioned the mysticism and sentimental beauty of Indian culture in his writing for which a non-westerner was honored with prestigious award first time. Together with being a renowned poet, he was also a genius, writer, novelist, visual artist, composer, playwright, and philosopher. He knew well how to command over language while writing a poem or story. He was a good philosopher through which he influenced a huge range of Indian people during the freedom struggle.
His contribution to Indian literature is very vast and unforgettable. Two of the songs from his Rabindrasangeet are more famous as they have been the national anthem of two countries such as “Amar Shonary Bangla” (national anthem of Bangladesh) and “Jana Gana Mana” (national anthem of India). His creative writings, whether in the form of poems or stories, are unchallenged even today. Perhaps he was the first who bridge the gap between west and east through his effective writings.
Another composition of him was Puravi in which he mentioned Evening Songs and Morning Songs under many subjects like social, moral, cultural, religious, political, etc. Manasi was written by him in 1890 in which he collected some social and poetical poems. Most of his writings were based on the life of people of Bengal. Another writing named Galpaguccha was a collection of stories based on the poverty, backwardness, and illiteracy of the Indian people.
Other poetry collections are like Sonar Tari, Kalpana, Chitra, Naivedya, etc and novels are like Gora, Chitrangda and Malini, Binodini and Nauka Dubai, Raja and Rani, etc. He was a very religious and spiritual man which helped him a lot in the days of the crisis. He was a great educationist thus he founded an abode of peace, a unique university named Santiniketan. He died on the 7th of August in 1941 in Kolkata before seeing India’s independence.