Save Water and Electricity Essay – For Students and Children In English

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Water and electricity are the two important necessities of today’s world. A human settlement cannot be imagined without the two of these basic amenities, but ironically the world is losing out fast on both of them. Though, water constitutes over 70% of earth’s mass; only 1% of it is freshwater that we use for our everyday works. On the other hand, the growing population and the capacity to purchase electrical equipment have increased the demand for electricity; although, the electricity production capacity hasn’t improved much. There isn’t any feasible solution in view to counter this crisis, except to save water and electricity by whatever means possible.

Long and Short Essay on Save Water and Electricity

Essay 1 (250 words)


Without water, there is no life. Even desert-dwelling fauna and flora need some measure of water to survive and thrive. Yet, most of us don’t think twice about leaving the water running from a tap or polluting the rapidly diminishing sources of freshwater. This ignorance and inaction have resulted in a growing crisis – the possibility that we will run out of drinkable water in the near future.

The situation is slightly different when it comes to electricity. Electricity is a modern discovery but in just over a century it has become a mainstay in our existence. We use electricity for pretty much everything – from lighting up our homes to running machinery and even helping us come up with new technological innovations. However, the sources that provide us energy are non-renewable resources such as natural gas and coal. Sooner or later, we are going to run out of them.

Why we should Save Water and Electricity

There are plenty of reasons to save both water and electricity and some of them are very similar. First of all, from the individual’s point of view, saving these two resources means saving money. It’s simple – when you save water, your water bill isn’t high and the same principle works for electricity.

Second, conserving both is good for the environment. Less use of energy means that fewer fossil fuels are burnt and less pollution from that burning is released into the atmosphere. Conserving water ensures that we don’t deplete our sources of fresh water; more importantly, we don’t pollute water with pesticides and harmful chemicals that leave freshwater undrinkable and harm ecosystems that rely on that water.

Third, while electricity is generated using natural resources, water is a natural resource. Conserving both leads to the conservation of resources that we are rapidly running out of and that are non-renewable.


Both water and electricity are essential to our lives. Without water, there will be no life. Without electricity, most of our daily necessities and needs will be unattainable. However, the stress on both these resources and the amounts that are being used need to reduce or soon there won’t be enough water or electricity to go around.


Essay 2 (400 words)


There are two resources that are essential to a thriving life – water, which is required to keep you alive and healthy and electricity which runs so much of the daily life that we would be quite lost without it. Both these resources occur in nature in away. Water is directly found in water bodies, ice fields, and glaciers. Electricity is generated using coal or natural gas, both of which can be extracted from the earth by mining.

Importance of Water and Electricity Conservation

Although both resources occur more or less naturally, both are finite. Only around 3.5 percent of all the water on the planet is freshwater and only one percent is accessible to us. Similarly, coal and natural gas deposits have only a certain amount of these resources. The major problem here is that the world’s population is increasing by leaps and bounds and the demand for both these resources is extremely high.

Since these resources are finite, the demand far outstrips the supply. It is even believed by many scientists and geologists that unchecked, we will consume so much of both that we will soon run out. The consequences of this are quite frightening. Without electricity, our modern way of life will collapse since so much of it depends on energy. Without water, we ourselves won’t survive very long.

Another point here is that we are polluting the water bodies that supply us and damaging the environment, through water pollution and through the mining practices we use to extract coal and natural gas. This means that not only are additional sources of freshwater unsafe for human consumption but also the environment is under attack. Under this kind of abuse, our environment will soon not be able to sustain us.

It becomes obvious then that these resources need to be used judiciously if we are to have any hope of making them last. We need to realize the problem of shortage before it occurs and do whatever we can to save electricity and water. In addition, we need to spread awareness so that more and more people take steps towards conservation.


In the end, it is up to us to use measures that will ensure the availability of water and electricity for a longer time. If charity begins at home, so does conservation. We need to take small, simple and consistent steps to see to it that these precious resources aren’t wasted.


Essay 3 (450 Words)


Water and electricity are considered basic resources to live in modern times. Water is the most important because without it there literally would be no life. Electricity also holds a place of grave importance because most of modern existence is powered by it. However, there are only so many sources of freshwater in the world. Similarly, there is only a limited amount of fossil fuels that can be used to generate electricity. These two resources are essentially finite. Our population, on the other hand, keeps growing every day. As this happens, the demands for these two resources increase but their sources become scarce.

Unfortunately, we are so used to having an abundance of both that we have grown careless. Every day in many ways we waste huge amounts of these resources without thinking twice. For many of us, it is a habit that we have cultivated from childhood. Ensuring that the next generation does not follow the same wasteful habits is now a priority.

Teaching Students about Water and Electricity Conservation

We need to ensure that the urgency of dwindling natural resources, the reality of environmental damage and the immediate need for conservation is something that new generations understand very well. The best way to do so is by educating students. Students need to be aware of this because they are the agents of change. They are the ones who gain the latest knowledge and they are the ones idealistic enough to utilize it for everyone’s betterment. For this reason, environmental sciences need to be taught in every grade.

Students are learning as they grow up that these resources are essential to our existence. They’re also learning that the same resources are finite. Students are more open to new ideas and thoughts. Therefore, when shown the impact of the lack of resources and conservation of those same resources, students are much more likely to follow steps for conservation. They are also more likely to involve their families and communities in the effort to conserve these two resources. Most importantly, though, students have inventive minds and are most likely to come up with ideas that can help us use less or conserve more water and electricity.


If we want generations to grow up with conservation as one of their values, it is very important that we teach them this value right from the beginning. The earlier we do so, the better embedded these values will be. In our efforts to conserve electricity and water students must be the forerunners. Only then will we see effective change.


Essay 4 (600 words)


Water and electricity are two resources we absolutely need – water because it is essential to life and electricity because the modern world would not be possible without it. Unfortunately, these resources are finite; there is only so much freshwater in the world and electricity is generated from fossil fuels which are a dwindling natural resource. What makes matters worse is that the global population increases day by day making the demand for these resources higher. In order to ensure that future generations have enough of both resources, we need to conserve them.

Conservation of Water

There is no denying the fact that we need water to survive. Some studies have speculated that the human body can go only three days without water. This isn’t surprising since sixty percent of our body is made up of water. However, this is also the resource that gets wasted the most. We leave taps running, don’t pay attention to leaks and pollute the sources of freshwater we so desperately need. It is becoming imperative that we take steps to reverse this or we will soon lose this resource completely.

There are certain steps all of us can take on an individual level to help conserve water. Some of them are:

  • When you shave or brush your teeth in the morning, don’t leave the water running. By turning off the tap you can save around nineteen liters of water a day.
  • You can buy water-conserving adapters and have them fitted to your taps. They will halve the flow of water from the taps.
  • Fill up the sink to the halfway mark with water when you wash the dishes, instead of using running water. You can save around thirty liters every fifteen minutes this way.
  • Make sure that all leaks are repaired properly. Thirty liters of water a day is lost through leaks.
  • Shower instead of taking a bath in the bathtub. The difference between the latter and the former is one hundred and ten liters.

Conservation of Electricity

Electricity plays such a major role in our lives that we feel the pinch the moment power gets cut. Pretty much every appliance we use in the house is dependent on electricity. However, when we leave these things connected and running even though we are not using them, we end up wasting huge amounts of electricity.

Some steps we can take to conserve electricity are:

  • Switch off lights and fans when we leave a room.
  • Use energy-efficient bulbs rather than the regular ones. They are brighter and use much less electricity.
  • When not using an appliance such as a washing machine or television, switch them off from where they’re connected into the socket.
  • When not charging electronic devices, make sure to turn off the chargers or disconnect them.
  • In summer, find times when you can open up the windows for air circulation and cooling instead of switching on the air conditioner.


There are many small ways in which we can conserve electricity and water. When we take these steps not only will they reduce the amount of water or energy you need to use but also lower the bills you have to pay for them. Making these steps a habit will serve everyone better in the long run.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.