Sri Aurobindo was an Indian Philosopher, a yoga guru, poet and a nationalist born in Calcutta in Bengal Presidency. Before becoming and spiritual reformer, he actively participated in the Indian Independence struggle as an influential leader. He was involved in many civil service works under the Maharaja of Baroda and gradually became increasingly involved in national politics. He was the founder of an organization “Anushilan Samiti” and was also jailed for his organization’s linkage with many bomb outrages; however, in the absence of any concrete evidence, he was released. He was the one who developed a method of spiritual practice called Integral Yoga.
Long and Short Essay on Sri Aurobindo
Essay 1 (250 words)
Sri Aurobindo was born on the 15th of August in 1872 in Calcutta. His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose, was very enthusiastic about his education and sent him London for higher studies. His mother’s name was Swarnalotta Devi. He was a very brilliant boy in the study and knew well the English speaking. Once he sat and passed in the prestigious examination of Indian Civil Service (conducted in London) however could not select as he refused to give the test in the riding which was a compulsory test. It was not the matter that he was not interested in riding the test however he was not interested to serve British rule through his services. He sat in the exam only to satisfy his father as he wanted him to become a Civil Service officer.
He completed his studies in London and returned to India then he started actively participating in Indian politics by joining the Indian independence movement. Once he joined the terrorist movement where he edited a weekly magazine “Jiigantar”. Due to the fear of being arrested by the British Government, he escaped to Pondicherry where he got some relief and continued his activities. Later he changed to be a Saint in his life and he started serving for humanity and welfare of Indian people. It was the time when he got popularity as Sri Aurobindo. He opened various Ashrams which are now used to teach people about how to live a healthy and happy life.
Essay 2 (300 words)
Aurobindo Acroyd Ghose was born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India on the 15th of August in 1872 to the Krishna Dhun Ghose (his father) and Swarnalotta Devi (his mother). He was given a western cultural environment in his family thus he was very fast in speaking English however also learned Hindustani to communicate through the servants. He was born in a well established and modern Bengali family where his father always given priority to the British culture.
He was sent to Loreto House boarding school in Darjeeling to learn English-speaking in order to improve language skills. Then, he was sent (after education at Loreto Convent, Darjeeling) to England for further studies where he studied at St. Paul’s School, London and got a senior classical scholarship. Later he joined another college in London named King’s College, Cambridge in 1890.
Sri Aurobindo Ghose was one of the most popular philosophers of modern India. For some time he was also a leader of the Indian independence movement who later became a yogi, guru, and mystic. After completing his studies from abroad, he returned to India and got indulge in Indian culture, religion, and philosophy. He also learned Sanskrit in India. Later he involved in the freedom movement of the country against British rule. He was involved in the activity when Indian people were requested to prohibit and stay away from all the foreign-made goods and programs of British rule. For his pro-swaraj activities, he was arrested and jailed by the British rule in Alipore for a year in 1910.
During his imprisonment, he got the spiritual experience which influenced him a lot and led him to become a yogi. After imprisonment, he went to Pondicherry and founded an ashram. He successfully published a philosophical journal named “The Arya” in which he mentioned his famous writings such as ‘The Synthesis of Yoga’, ‘The Ideal of Human Unity’, and ‘The Life Divine’.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Sri Aurobindo Ghose was born as Aurobindo Acroyd Ghose who later became famous as Sri Aurobindo Maharishi. He was a great philosopher, patriot, revolutionary, guru, mystic, yogi, poet, and humanist. He was born in Kolkata in 1872 on the 15th of August in a standard Bengali family. His family surrounding environment was full of British culture because of his father’s interest. He took his early childhood education by the English nanny so he developed good English speaking skills. His later studies were completed in Darjeeling and London.
His father Krishna Dhun Ghose always wanted his sons to enter the Indian Civil Service. To achieve this success he sent Aurobindo Ghose to study in England where he was admitted to the good English school. He was a multilingual person and knew English, French, Bengali, Sanskrit, etc very well. He was very natural to the English as it was his childhood language. He was well aware that English was a good medium of communication at that time. Using the English language to exchange expressions, ideas, and instruction was of great advantage. He was a person of high moral character which made him able to become a teacher, writer, thinker, and editor. He was a good writer who wrote in his various writings about humanity, philosophy, education, Indian culture, religion, and politics.
He met Bal Gangadhar Tilak in Ahmadabad Congress Session in 1902 where he really got influenced by his dynamic and revolutionary personality. He joined the Indian freedom struggle by getting inspired by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He again joined the Congress at Lucknow in 1916 and became a chief supporter with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal for the militant nationalism in order to get freedom from British rule. They requested people to come forward and do sacrifices for freedom. They never accepted any help and support from the Britishers as they always believed in “Swaraj”.
He got some help from the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in order to extend revolutionary activities outside the Bengal. Various effective ways of achieving freedom including refusal of foreign goods and militant actions are mentioned by the Aurobindo in his “Bande Mataram”. His effective writings and speeches helped him to spread the message of Swadeshi, Swaraj, and the boycott of foreign things to the people of India. He was the founder of Sri Aurobindo Ashram Auroville. He died on the 5th of December in 1950 in Pondicherry (currently called Puducherry), French India.