Variety of essays on status of women in India are given below to help students during essay writing competition in their school or college. It is a most common topic now-a-days which students may be assigned for to write some paragraphs or complete essay. So here, we have made available various words limit essays written using very simple and easy language.
Long and Short Essay on Status of Women in India
Essay 1 (250 words)
The condition of women in the Indian society especially in the middle age was so bad and inferior practically. Women were considered as slave of men even after given high position in the scriptures. Theoretically the condition of women was high however practically it was low. Women were prohibited to take part in many domestic, social as well as external matters. They were forced to live under the influence of parents before marriage whereas under the influence of husbands after marriage. The position of women became more worse in the Mughal time. Women were forced to follow the rules of sati pratha, parda pratha, and other bad practices against women.
Women status during British rule in India was not so changed even became worse. It was started changing after many years of struggle for India’s freedom when Mahatma Gandhi gave a call to women to come forward and take part in the independence movement. There is hand of many great women (Vijaya Laxmi Pandit, Sarojini Naidu, Mrs. Aruna Asaf Ali, etc) who helped in changing the women status in India. After the occurrence of Mrs. Indira Gandhi as a Prime Minister of India, the condition of women was changed positively a lot. She became a worldwide famous woman and thus great icon and inspiration for other Indian women. Later the prestigious positions of many women in India has proved that women are not inferior to men and can go together.
Essay 2 (300 words)
In the past few millennium, various great changes has occur in the status of women in India. There has been promotion of equal sex rights to a great extent in the recent decades. Earlier the women were responsible to the household activities and strictly restricted to the outside activities. Women in ancient India were responsible to care their husbands and kids as their primary duty. Women were not allowed to enjoy equally as men. In the early Vedic period, it is noted that women were well educated (in the work of ancient Indian grammarians like Patanjali, Katyayana etc).
According to the Rigvedic verses, women were getting married at their mature age and free to select their own life partner at that time. Gargi and Maitreyi are two great and notable women sages who have been mentioned in the Rig Veda and Upanishads scriptures. According to the history, women status was started declining with the Smritis (Manusmriti). Gradually the freedom and rights of women was curtailed due to the Islamic invasion and Christianity. Then women in India started facing confinement and restrictions due to the bad practices in the society like Sati pratha, child marriages, child labor, parda pratha, ban on widow remarriages, etc.
Purdah practice was brought in the Indian society by the Muslim conquest in Indian subcontinent. Jauhar was practiced by the Rajputs of Rajasthan whereas Devadasis in temples were sexually exploited by the rich people. However, now-a-days, women are participating in every areas of work (like politics, social work, IT field, driving, etc) without getting fear. Women are leading in many areas of work even they are showing much interest and performing better than men. We cannot say that status of women in the Indian society has been fully developed but it is continuously going up as women are being more conscious about their rights.
Essay 3 (400 words)
There has been a lot of improvement in the status of women in India after the independence. Gradually women started enjoying equality with men in the society. Women have all the rights and privileges in every areas as possessed by the men. The Constitution of India has given equal rights, privileges and freedom that are enjoyed by the men for years. Even after various exploitation against women, they are now feeling much emancipated and free. Almost half area and population in India is covered by the women so the development of the country depends upon the status of both sex equally. We can imagine that time when 50% of the population was not given equal opportunities and rights and even restricted to perform many activities in the society. Now-a-days, women are getting top positions in various fields of life such as some have been great political leaders, social reformers, entrepreneurs, business personalities, administrators, etc.
Improvement in the status of women changes the social and economic status of the country. Status of women in the Indian society is much better than the women in other developing countries. However, it is not enough to say that status of women have been completely improved in India. In such a competitive world, Indian women are being well conscious about their rights and privileges in various fields. They are being more conscious about their professional career (socially, politically, economically and educationally) by following their all the responsibilities towards family.
Women are actively participating in the democratic process and elections which is quite more impressive in enhancing their status. Women participation in any area of work is increasing day by day than men such as number of women voters is increasing than men voters on the days of polling. Some of the great Indian women leaders, social reformers, social workers, administrators, and literary personalities who have changed the women status a lot are Indira Gandhi, Vijay Lakshmi Pandit, Annie Besant, Mahadevi Verma, Sachet Kripalani, P.T. Usha, Amrita Pritam, Padmaja Naidu, Kalpana Chawla, Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur, Mother Teresa, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, etc. Women have been started participating as daughters, sisters, wives, mothers, grandmothers, etc in various fields like social, economical, political, educational, scientific and other nation- building activities. They are doing hard work in performing professional as well as household responsibilities very actively. Even after huge level improvement in the women’s status in India, they are still exploited and abused in many ways like rape, sex discrimination, etc.
Regarding women’s safety and reduce crime against women, the government of India has passed another Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015 replacing the earlier Indian juvenile delinquency law of 2000. This act is passed especially after the Nirbhaya case when an accused juvenile was released. According to this act, the juvenile age has been 16 years from 18 years in cases of heinous offenses.