Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay – For Students and Children In English

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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness drive aimed to cover 4,041 statutory cities and towns all over India in order to clean the streets, roads and other infrastructure. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by the Honourable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. It is a most important topic which our kids and students must know and be aware of this mission.

Long and Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Essay 1 (250 words)


Swachh Bharat Mission or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign run by the Government of India as a massive mass movement to initiate the theme of cleanliness all through India. This campaign was launched in seeking the way to create a ‘Clean India’ target by 2019, the 2nd of October, the 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi.

Importance of this Initiative

The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi had always dreamed to make India a clean India and always put his hard efforts towards cleanliness in India. This is the reason, why Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on the 2nd of October (the birthday of the Mahatma Gandhi). To complete the vision of the father of the nation, the Indian government has decided to launch this campaign. In March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has also banned chewing of paan and gutka to ensure cleanliness in UP government offices.


The aim of the mission is to cover all the rural and urban areas in order to present this country as an ideal country before the world. The mission has targeted aims like eliminating the open defecation, converting unsanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, complete disposal and reuse of solid and liquid wastes.


The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims at bringing behavioral changes in people and to motivate health practices, spreading cleanliness awareness among people and strengthening the cleanliness systems in all areas. It helps in creating a user-friendly environment for all private sectors interested in investing in India for cleanliness maintenance. This mission has an interesting theme of inviting nine new people by each person involved in the campaign and continuing this chain until each and every citizen of India gets involved in this campaign.


Essay 2 (300 words)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign run by the Government of India and initiated by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on the 2nd of October in 2014 on the 145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi.

This campaign has been launched to fulfill the aim of cleanliness all over India. The Prime Minister has requested the people of India to involve in the Swachh Bharat Mission and promote others to do the same for leading our country as the best and clean country of the world. This campaign was initiated by the Narendra Modi himself by cleaning the road on the way going to launch the campaign.

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The campaign of Swachh Bharat is the biggest ever cleanliness drive of India during the launch of which around 3 million government employees and students from schools and colleges participated in the campaign.

On the day of launch, Prime Minister has nominated the names of nine famous personalities of India to initiate the campaign in their own areas at their decided dates as well as to promote the campaign to the common public. He also requested all nine personalities to invite the other nine people from their end to individually participate in this event as well as to continue this chain of inviting nine people until the message reaches each and every Indian citizen.

How it is Observed

People across the nation clean their locality and pledge to keep their surroundings clean and green. Prime Minister requested that every Indian should take this campaign as a challenge and try his/her best to make it a successful campaign ever. The chain of nine people is like a branching of the tree. He requested common people to involve in this event and upload the videos or images of cleanliness over the internet via various social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, etc so that others can also get motivated to do the same in their own area. In this way, India can be a clean country.

In the continuation of this mission, in March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has banned chewing paan, gutka, and other tobacco products all over UP to ensure cleanliness in the government’s official buildings.


The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is leaving no stones unturned in providing as well as improving cleanliness and sanitation facilities in the country. The effect of the mission has already started showing its result in almost all the parts with the active involvement of people from all walks of life. If the same pace continues in making the country clean and green then the dream of Mahatma Gandhi will definitely come true on his 150th birth anniversary in 2019.


Essay 3 (400 words)


The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi had once said that “Sanitation is more important than Independence” during his time before the independence of India. He was well aware of the bad and unclean situation of India. He had emphasized a lot to the people of India about cleanliness and sanitation as well as its implementation in daily lives. However, it was not so effective and was unsuccessful because of the incomplete participation of people. After so many years of independence, a most effective campaign of cleanliness is launched to call people for their active participation and complete the mission of cleanliness.

Launch of Swachh Bharat Campaign

The Former President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee has said in June 2014 while addressing the Parliament that, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a Swachh Bharat Mission will be launched. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019”. In order to fulfill the vision of Mahatma Gandhi and make India an ideal country in the world, the Prime Minister of India initiated a campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi (2nd of October 2014). This campaign has the target of completion of mission till 2019 i.e. 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi.

Importance of Swachh Bharat Campaign

Through this campaign, the Government of India solves the sanitation problems by enhancing waste management techniques. The clean India movement is completely associated with the economic strength of the country. The birth date of the Mahatma Gandhi is targeted in both, the launch and the completion of the mission.

The basic goals behind launching the Swachh Bharat Mission are to make the country full of sanitation facilities as well as eliminate all the unhealthy practices of people in daily routines. The first cleanliness drive in India was started on the 25th of September in 2014 and was initiated by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi by cleaning up the road.

Benefits of Swachh Bharat Campaign

The completion of this mission would indirectly draw the attention of business investors in India, enhance the GDP growth, draw tourists’ attention from all over the world, bring a variety of sources of employment, reduce health costs, reduce the death rate, and reduce lethal disease rate and many more. Clean India would bring more tourists and enhance its economical condition. The Prime Minister of India has requested to every Indian to devote their 100 hours per year for the cleanliness in India which is very sufficient to make this country a clean country by 2019. Swachh Bharat cess is also started to get some funds for this campaign. Everyone has to pay an extra 0.5% tax (50 paise per 100 rupees) on all the services in India.

UP CM Yogi Adityanath has also started a cleanliness drive in 2017 in Uttar Pradesh to ensure cleanliness in the official buildings. According to this, he has banned eating paan, gutka and other tobacco products in the government offices.


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most important initiatives taken by the government to make India shine in the world. But what it requires the most is the active participation of each and every individual irrespective of its caste, creed or religion. If we want our country to be respected and revered in the world then we should devote ourselves to this campaign by contributing to the cause and spreading the awareness of Swachh Bharat Mission then only the dream of Mahatma Gandhi could be achieved in real sense.


Essay 4 (500 words)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Clean India drive and Mission launched as a national campaign by the Indian Government in order to cover the 4041 statutory towns aiming to maintain the cleanliness of streets, roads, and infrastructure of the country.

Who Launched this Initiative

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has officially launched this mission on the 2nd of October (the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi) in 2014 at the Rajghat, New Delhi (cremation ground of Bapu). While launching the event Prime Minister himself had cleaned the road. It is the biggest cleanliness drive ever in India where approximately 3 million government employees including students from schools and colleges took part in the cleanliness activities.

On the day of the launch of the event, PM nominated nine people to participate in the cleanliness drive in their own areas. Schools and colleges participated in the event by organizing many cleanliness activities according to their own themes. Students of India participated in this event with full zeal and zest.

PM also requested all those nine nominees to nominate another nine people separately to participate in this cleanliness drive. The aim is to continue the chain of nominating nine people by each and every participated candidate of the mission until the message reaches every Indian in every corner of the country to make it a national mission.

Objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission

The mission aims to connect each and every individual from all walks of life by making the structure of the branching of a tree. Swachh Bharat mission aims to construct individual sanitary latrines for household purposes especially for the people living below poverty line, converting dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines, providing facility of hand pumps, safe and secure bathing facility, setting up sanitary marts, constructing drains, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, enhancing health and education awareness, providing household and environmental sanitation facilities and many more.

Earlier many awareness programs (such as Total Sanitation Campaign, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, etc) about environmental sanitation and personal cleanliness were launched by the Indian government however they were not very effective to make India a clean India.

The major objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan are removing the trend of open defecation, changing insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, removal of manual scavenging, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, bring behavioral changes among people, enhance awareness about sanitation, facilitating the participation of private sectors towards cleanliness facilities.

People Nominated for the Swachh Bharat Campaign

The first nine nominated people by the Prime Minister for this campaign were Salman Khan, Anil Ambani, Kamal Hassan, comedian Kapil Sharma, Priyanka Chopra, Baba Ramdev, Sachin Tendulkar, Shashi Tharoor and a team of ‘Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah’ (a most famous TV series). Indian film actor Aamir Khan was invited to the launch of the mission. There were various brand ambassadors who were chosen by the PM to initiate and promote the campaign of Swachh Bharat in various fields.

He also nominated some other dignitaries like Akhilesh Yadav, Swami Rambhadracharya, Mohammad Kaif, Manoj Tiwari, Deviprasad Dwivedi, Manu Sharma, Kailash Kher, Raju Srivastava, Suresh Raina, etc on 8th of November in 2014 and Sourav Ganguly, Kiran Bedi, Padmanabha Acharya, Sonal Mansingh, Ramoji Rao, etc on 25th of December in 2014.

Effects of Swachh Bharat Mission

There were many positive results of the campaign. Many other programs like Swachh Bharat Run, Swachh Bharat apps, Real-time monitoring system, Swachh Bharat short film, Swachh Bharat Nepal – Swasth Bharat Nepal Abhiyan were initiated and implemented to actively support the purpose of the mission.

To ensure cleanliness in the official buildings of UP, chewing of paan, gutka and other tobacco products were completely banned by the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. In order to continue and make this campaign successful, the Finance Ministry of India has started a program named Swachh Bharat cess, according to which, everyone has to pay 0.5% tax on all the services in India (i.e. 50 paise per 100 rupees) which will fund this cleanliness campaign.


‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or the ‘Clean India Mission’ should not only be the responsibility of the government or the ministries, but it is also the unison responsibility of every citizen residing in the country. Achieving the goal of clean India will never be possible until and unless we collaborate with each other and join hands to clean our surroundings and stop others from making it dirty.

The participation and involvement of people in this campaign were definitely huge and also started showing positive results in recent times, but the most important thing is the continuation of this process. Let us pledge together that we will continue doing our bit in making our surroundings and environment clean and green and make our country respected in the world community.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.