The Pen is Mightier than the Sword Essay – For Students and Children In English

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The proverb, “The pen is mightier than the sword” implies that the power of the pen is enormous, even more than a sword. A small pen can help you achieve what a mighty sword cannot. The power of a pen is emphasized by way of this proverb. It implies that a pen is capable of achieving that what even a big sword cannot.

Short and Long Essay on The Pen is Mightier than the Sword

Essay – 1 (300 words)

“The pen is mightier than the sword” has been used to emphasize the power of words over violence. It indicates that the power of the press is greater and more effective than that of direct violence. This is to say that the point we can put across through simple words can never be put across or explained by way of violence.

The Origin of the Phrase

“The pen is mightier than the sword” is a metonymic adage written by English author Edward Bulwer-Lytton in the year 1839. It found a place in his play, Richelieu; Or the Conspiracy. The play opened in March 1839 at London’s Covent Garden.

The first known version of this popular phrase was coined in the early 7th century BC by Assyrian sage, Ahiqar. It read, “The word is mightier than the sword”.

People do recognize the superiority of the pen over the sword and the phrase is often used to emphasize the same.

Different Interpretations

Here are the various interpretations of the proverb, “the pen is mightier than the sword”:

  • It means that the act of writing can have a stronger impact on people than the act of violence.
  • It states that words have the ability to solve problems more effectively than force.
  • Pen and writing indicate civilized behavior which is far better than applying brutal force to achieve things.
  • Do not underestimate the ability and power of small things. They can at times have a stronger impact than the biggest things.
  • The proverb celebrates the power of pen and writing and indicates that writers are powerful than warriors.


“The pen is mightier than the sword” emphasizes that we must not undervalue the power of a small thing such as a pen. It implies that a thing as small as a pen can have a huge impact on people and society as a whole; an impact that even a mighty thing like a sharp sword cannot achieve.


Essay – 2 (500 Words)


The famous proverb ‘Pen is Mightier than the Sword’ was first written by Edward Bulwer- Lytton, which later became highly popular across the world. Everyone knows that a sword is a weapon with a sharp edge while the pen is a writing instrument with no edge. But the power of the pen is extremely greater than a sword. What a sharp edge of a sword can’t achieve; can easily be achieved with the help of a tiny tip of a pen.


While a pen and sword cannot be compared because the pen is used for writing purposes and the sword is used for fighting purposes. But the writer through the proverb ‘Pen is Mightier than the Sword’, intends to say that the power and strength of the writing are mightier and stronger than the influence of war.

War is always destructive and ends lives. Sword can only kill and thus result in defeat, loss, and death. Even though one party in the war may win but the loss of several lives is the ultimate loss of even the winning party; whereas writing is harmony, peace and it is priceless. Books written with pen give us education, knowledge, and wisdom which remain with us forever. We can never payback for the tales and stories told to us in our childhood by our grandparents, parents, teachers, etc for those stories taught us a lesson which we preserve for our lifetime.

There are various quotes and proverbs written and said about books such as: ‘Books are the treasure house of knowledge’, ‘Books are the best companion’, ‘Books are the way to the Truth’ and many more. A book written in pen makes it powerful and worth reading. Not every book is useful as some may teach wrong lessons; some books may be restricted or forbidden. So, it’s the pen which makes the book powerful. Such mighty, the pen is!

The power of pen can also be understood from the fact that one incorrect answer written in the answer sheet during exams, tests, etc might fall heavily on us. We are able to know about history, geography, religion, science, etc all by reading and pen plays an important role in letting the writer pen down the important knowledge and information for the generations to come.

History is proof that writers have changed the world through their writings. Mahatma Gandhi, John Keats, Swami Vivekananda, William Wordsworth and many more have created magic through their writing. The pen has the power to break the demographic barriers or a book can be written in one country and can be read across the world. Writers through their preaching and knowledge fight against various social evils and bring transformation in society.


Writing has the power of building or destroying the image of political leaders or actors, sportspersons, etc. The writer must be really cautious and mindful about the strength of the pen and write wisely. No writer must display his/her personal grudge through writing. Writing can create peace during wars and may create wars during peace since we all know that the ‘Pen is Mightier than the Sword’.


Essay – 3 (600 Words)


The famous proverb ‘Pen is Mightier than the Sword’ has great significance for ages. It denotes that the pen is more powerful than the sword; irrespective of the fact that the sword has a sharp edge and the power to kill and win wars. From the ancient days, the sword has played an important role in the history of mankind. We all know that the sword has the power of winning wars because of the great strength and valor it possesses. But a pen on the other hand, despite being delicate is much mightier and endowed with the capacity to transform history and mankind.


Written by the famous author Edward Bulwer-Lytton, the proverb ‘The Pen is Mightier than the Sword’ holds great significance with simple yet profound meaning. It suggests that the writers of the world leave a greater influence on people than the soldiers; for the world recognizes the name of several famous writers such as William Wordsworth, John Keats, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Rabindranath Tagore, etc but very few will be able to recognize the names of great soldiers who won wars, battles, etc.

For ages, the pen has been creating wonders as written information gets spread as knowledge which is preserved with people for their lifetime. The proverb clearly indicates that the writers are more influential than the mighty fighters and the sword cannot build such an impact which writers can.

Writing can unite people to stand against social or national evil. Mahatma Gandhi through his preaching and knowledge united the citizens; he didn’t fight but won the nation with his power of wisdom and will. War may result in a victory to one party and defeat to the other at the cost of several lives; but a book can enlighten the world without harming even a single person, without any bloodshed.

The pen is the weapon of writers, which they can use to create history. The pen is constructive, while the sword is destructive. A pen has the capacity to write novels, poems, humorous, emotional stories, facts and figures related to Science, Maths, Geography, etc. One can find joy and peace by reading and gain knowledge for a lifetime. Writings can induce various emotions such as love, kindness, hatred, enmity, sympathy, etc.

Writing is regarded with respect and writers are always considered as the strong pillars of society as they have the power to change the world through the magic of their writing. Even on a national level, debates and discussions can solve various altercations amongst differing countries, but war can destroy the economical and physical strength of the countries. On a personal level too, literature spreads knowledge but fighting induces hatred.


In the world of political war and unrest; we need more pens than swords. The fact is that men are more influenced and guided by ideas than by the fear of sword or physical forces. It is true, that the command of the sword is restrained to a particular time period but the influence of pen is immortal and universal. The writer must use this power with the utmost care, for their writing can either make or break the image of huge personalities because the pen is mightier than the sword.

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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.