Violence against Women in India Essay – For Students and Children In English

Last Updated on

We have provided a variety of essays and paragraphs on violence against women in India for the school students. Students are generally assigned this topic to write full essays or only paragraphs during exam time or essay writing competition within the school or outside the school. All the essays are written using very simple and easy words to fulfill the students’ needs.

Long and Short Essay on Violence against Women in India

Essay 1 (250 words)

There is much violence against women in India because of the male-dominated society here. Women generally face various kinds of crimes like dowry death, sexual harassment, cheating, murder, girl child abuse, robbery, etc. Violence against women which counted as crimes under the Indian Penal Code is rape, kidnapping, and abduction, torture physically and mentally, dowry deaths, wife battering, sexual harassment, molestation, importation of girls, etc. The cases of violence against women are increasing day by day and becoming too broad.

The meaning of term violence is striking someone physically and causing injury. It may involve verbal abuse or psychological stress without the actual hitting which causes injury to the mind and harm the reputation. Rape, murder, abduction, kidnapping cases are criminal violence against women however dowry deaths, sexual abuse, wife battering, maltreatment at home or offices are the cases of domestic violence against women. Some of the social violence cases against women are eve-teasing, forcing wife or daughter-in-law for the female infanticide, forcing the widow to commit Sati, etc. All the violence against women is affecting the large section of the society.

Violence against women in the country is getting more frequent and alarmingly with a huge sound. It is creating pressure and heavy responsibility for the shoulders of social workers. However, there is an urgent need for women to be empowered and responsible to themselves in order to understand all the rights and take benefits.


Essay 2 (300 words)

Violence against women in India is a very old social issue that has taken its root deeply to the societal norms and economic dependence. This issue of violence against women comes forth time to time in the form of brutal gang-rape, sexual harassment at workplace, acid attack, etc. A big incident of violence against women happened in Delhi on the 16th of December in 2012. It was a brutal gang rape of the 23-year-old woman in India. A huge crowd of angry people comes out to the street by having a call for change.

Even after happening such type of cases regularly in society, it is not going to change the societal norms against women. It is going very complex and deeply rooted in Indian society even after increasing the education level of the people. Violence against women happens because of the inefficient legal justice systems, weak rules of law and male-dominated social and political structures.

According to the research, it is found that violence against women begins at home at an early age especially in the rural areas by the family members, relatives, neighbors, and friends.

The situation of the women varies all over the country according to the place, culture, and tradition of people. Women in the north-eastern provinces and south have a better position than other regions. Because of the practice of female infanticide, the number of the girl child has been very less in comparison to the male child (almost 940 women to 1000 men according to the 2011 census). Such a huge decrease in the percentage of the female child is because of the sex-selective abortions and negligence of young girls during infancy.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau, women in India are very much unsafe in their marital home. Other common violence against women in society is domestic violence, acid attacks, rape, honor killings, dowry deaths, abduction, and brutal behavior by husbands and in-laws.


Essay 3 (400 words)

Women in India have been victims of violence from many years in almost all societies, regions, cultures and religious communities. Women in Indian society have to bear a variety of violence such as domestic, public, physical, social, emotional and mental. Violence against women is clearly seen in history to a large extent which is still getting practiced without any positive change.

Women in India were enjoying a quiet comfortable position all through the Vedic period however, the condition got declined gradually because of the practice of violence against women all through the country. On the other hand, with the increasing level of violence against women, they started losing their educational, social, political, economic, and cultural opportunities in society.

They became restricted to live their normal lifestyle like a healthy diet, wishful dress, marriage, etc. It was a huge effort of male-dominated countries to make women limited and obedient. They started being enslaved and prostituted. Women in India started being used as commodities for the men to perform different functions of daily routine. There is a culture in the society for women to understand husbands as a God, keep fast for their wellness and be dependent on husbands.

Widows were restricted to marry again and forced to follow sati pratha. Men understood their rights to beat women with rope or a bamboo stick. Violence against women took a very fast speed when young girls were forced to serve as a Devadasi in the temple. It has given rise to the prostitution system as a part of religious life.

The fight between two major cultures (Islam and Hinduism) in the medieval period has increased the violence against women to a great extent. Young girls were forced to marry at a very early age and follow the purdah system in society. It made them isolated from almost the whole world except their husband and family. Polygamy with strong roots was also started in society and women lose their right to having unshared husband’s love.

Female infanticide, dowry system, and bride-killings are other big violence. Women are also facing lack of nutritious food, negligence to medicine and proper checkup, lack of educational opportunities, sexual abuse of girl child, rapes, forced and unwanted marriages, sexual harassment at public, home or workplace, unwanted pregnancies at small intervals, bride-burning, wife-battering, negligence of old women in family, etc.

In order to reduce the number of offenses and crimes against women in India, another Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) law, 2015 has been made by the Indian government. It is done so to replace the earlier Indian juvenile delinquency law of 2000 especially after the Nirbhaya case during which an accused juvenile was released. In this act, the juvenile age has been reduced by two years means 16 years from 18 years in cases of heinous offenses.


Essay 4 (500 Words)


Violence against women in India refers to physical or sexual violence committed on Indian women. Mostly such violent acts are committed by the men, or in a rare case, a woman might also be involved. The most common forms of violence against Indian women are domestic abuse and sexual assault.

For an act to qualify as “violence against women”, it must be committed only because the victim is a female. “Violence against women” in India is widely prevalent, mainly due to long-lasting gender inequality present for centuries.

Causes of Violence against women in India

1) Patriarchal Society

Indian society is a male-dominated society where women don’t have the right to make major decisions related to the family. Moreover, researches revealed that almost 60% of males in India think that women in the family must be beaten from time to time. This societal setup always keeps women in a vulnerable position.

2) Family Factors

Domestic violence committed on a woman has a tendency to be carried over to the next generation. A child who watches his father physically abusing his mother is most likely to do the same to his wife when he grows up. Nuclear families have more reported incidents of violence against women as there is no elder person to intervene and settle the matter.

3) Liquor consumption

Regular consumption of liquor by the husband is a prime cause of violence against women in a family. Alcohol is not only responsible for domestic violence against women but also crimes committed against women outside the houses. Alcohol stimulates the offender’s or victim’s cognitive skills, fuelling the violence.

Solutions and Preventive Measures

Some of the major solutions to curb violence against women are listed below-

1) Increased Police Vigil

Police vigil must be increased in all the areas, especially in the secluded areas during the night. Police presence significantly reduces the chance of a woman getting assaulted or harassed by others on the road. Police officers must be deployed at crowded places like markets, as the women at these places are more susceptible to crimes like eve-teasing or groping.

2) Community Initiative

Initiatives taken by the community itself towards curbing violence against women is the best way to counter domestic violence and as well as other crimes against women. The Nari Adalat program introduced in Uttar Pradesh by the Department of Education has proved instrumental in reducing domestic violence against women.

3) Safe Transport

Many acts of sexual violence against women are committed in trains or buses mainly during late hours. Offenders take advantage of the secluded vehicle and the absence of police personnel. There is a need to deploy at least one woman police constable in buses or rail coaches during late-night hours.


Violence against Indian women is a blot on the nation and the society as well. As long as the Indian women are subjected to violence, the international image of India is also going to suffer. Also, incidents of domestic violence, sexual assaults and other similar crimes on women will continuously damage Indian society and obstruct national progress. Therefore, it is imperative to take stringent countermeasures to diminish any kind of violence against Indian women.

Recommended Reading...

Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.