Women’s education in India is the most important topic nowadays which students generally get in their schools to write a complete essay or only paragraph. We have provided here some easy and simple written essays and paragraphs on women education in India for the school students. You can select any of the given essays or paragraphs according to your need and requirement.
Long and Short Essay on Women Education in India
Essay 1 (250 words)
Women’s education is very important for the proper social and economic growth of the country. Both men and women are like two sides of the coin and run equally like two wheels of the society. So both are an important element of the growth and development in the country thus require equal opportunity in education. If anyone of both goes downside, social progress is not possible.
Advantages of Women Education in India:
The female education in India is highly necessary for the future of the country as women are the first teachers of their children means the future of the nation. If the education of the women is getting ignored, it would be ignorant of the bright future of the nation. Uneducated women cannot actively participate in handling the family, proper care of the children and thus weak future generation. We cannot count all the advantages of women’s education.
Educated women may easily handle her family, make each family member responsible, infuse good qualities in children, participate in the social works and all would lead her towards a socially and economically healthy nation.
By educating a man, only a man can be educated however educating a woman, the whole country can be educated. Lack of women’s education weakens the powerful part of society. So, women should have full rights for education and should not be treated as inferior to men.
India is now a leading country in the field of women’s education. History of India is never blank of brave women however it is full of women philosophers like Gargi, Viswabara, Maritreyi (of Vedic age) and other famous women are like Mirabai, Durgabati, Ahalyabi, Laxmibai, etc. All the famous historical women in India are the inspiration for the women of this age. We never forget their contributions to society and the country.
Essay 2 (400 words)
Since ancient time to the time after independence, there have been lots of progress in the field of women education. However not satisfying as much has yet to be achieved. The reason for backwardness in Indian society is because of the lack of proper women education. Lack of proper women education is because of the various social restrictions against women in India which need to be over on an urgent basis. In order to remove such types of social evils from the society and improve the status of women’s education, women should be encouraged for their rights of proper education so that they may make their positive efforts towards society and country.
For the betterment of the women education in India following programs have been run:
- Sarwa Shiksha Abhiyan
- Indira Mahila Yojana
- Balika Samridhi Yojana
- Rashtriya Mahila Kosh
- Mahila Samridhi Yojana
- Employment and Income Generating Training-cum-Production Centres
- Program of Development of Women and Children in rural areas
- Short Stay Home for Women and Girls
Here are some factors affecting women education in India:
- Undernourishment and malnutrition of the girl child
- Sexual harassment and abuse at an early age
- Lower socioeconomic status of parents
- Infections and low immunity power at childhood
- So many social restrictions and taboo in their life
- Forced to follow orders of elders in the family whether at home of parents or parents-in-law
- Allowed to get only limited education
What is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a national mission run by the government of India aiming to offer quality education for 8 years to all the children coming under the age group 6 to 14 years. This program was pioneered by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee to achieve the following targets:
- To cover education in all districts by the year 2002.
- To bring all children to school by the year 2003.
- To make necessary for all children to complete 5 years of education by the year 2007.
- To make necessary for all children to complete 8 years of quality elementary education by the year 2010.
Women education have been improved in all the urban and rural areas of the country however in the rural areas extra programs of development of women have been included. In order to improve the socio-economic status of women in rural areas, awareness programs are run to develop income-generating activities.
Essay 3 (800 words)
India is considered one of the world’s greatest democracies and has also surpassed China as the world’s fastest-growing economy in the financial quarter of October-December 2018; an achievement only made possible through ensuring education for all and gender equality. Promoting women’s education and ensuring female literacy have been the major factors behind India’s success. The statistics reveal an unprecedented growth in development and women education in the past few decades- India is progressing fast towards her never seen before socio-economic development as more and more Indian women are becoming part of its economy; through, their education and empowerment.
Current Status of Women Education in India (with Statistics)
The national female literacy rate when India gained independence was tragically low at 8.6%. Women, who were allowed to take part in the freedom struggle, were now confined to the houses, leading to the formation of a male-dominated patriarchal society. The female literacy rate of India has increased from 8.6% in 1951 to 64.63%, according to the 2011 census. Though, this increase in the female literacy rate is encouraging and promising as well; unfortunately, there is also a flip side to it.
The current female literacy rate of India lags behind the male literacy rate, the former at 65.6% and the latter at 81.3%. The female education rate of India at 65.6% is significantly lower than the world average at 79.7%. The situation is more critical in rural areas, where fewer girls go to schools as compared to boys and the number of dropout rates is alarming among girls.
Statistics also reveal that India still has nearly 145 Million women, who are unable to read or write.
Why Do We Lag Behind?
The factors that restrict Indian women from getting educated and joining the mainstream are mainly social. Below we will go through the summarization of such factors with brief detail.
1) Patriarchal Society
Indian society is a male-dominated society. Women are not allowed the social status as equivalent to the men and are relegated to the confines of their houses. Though, the situation is different in urban areas, where women are more educated and employed; rural areas constituting 70% of the Indian population, still lag behind on gender equality. Educating a woman or a girl child is considered a non-profitable venture in such societies. Females in many rural societies are considered a liability, which has to be ultimately transferred to another family after marriage.
2) Gender Discrimination
While we progress fast to become the world’s superpower one day; gender inequality is the reality that screams in our society even today. Even the educated and working urban women are not aloof from the experiences of gender bias, not to mention the women in rural areas. Women in some industries are paid less than the men having the same credentials. Their efficiency for a particular task or project is weighed low against that of their male counterparts. Women are grossly underestimated for promotions or for holding responsibilities. Such gender discrimination discourages women from being educated and achieving their aspirations.
3) Crime against women
Women of India are much more susceptible to violence and threat than men. Many crimes against women are still prevalent in Indian society, like- dowry, domestic violence, flesh trade, sexual harassment, etc. such crimes only restrict the womenfolk to step out of their houses and enter schools or even offices, for that matter.
4) Lack of Security
Though the successive governments have worked to provide Indian women a safe and secure environment at home and also at work, still a lot remains to be done. Women working even in the safest cities in the country lack the courage to transit alone during late-night hours. Girls going to school in rural areas are pestered and eve-teasing. Such incidents are also responsible for high female school dropout rate. It is the responsibility of the government and the society as well to ensure a girl’s safe transit to school, ensuring her education.
Advantages of Women/ Female Education in India
Following is the brief description of the advantages of women/female education in India-
1) Social Development
Educating women could be the key to remove many social evils of Indian society- dowry system, female infanticide, and workplace harassment, etc. An educated woman changes the future generations.
2) Economical Development
Educating women will definitely lead to the economic development of the nation as more women join the workforce.
3) High Living Standard
An educated woman will contribute financially to the needs of her family and relatives. Two earning parents provide better growth prospects for the children as well as a raised living standard of the family.
4) Social Recognition
A family with educated women enjoys a good social status and is honored more than others. An educated woman conducts appropriately in society earning laurels for the family and making it proud.
5) Improved Health And Hygiene
An educated woman recognizes the health hazards to her family and knows how to deal with them. She knows how to feed and nurture her children, telling them about good and bad hygiene.
An educated woman is like a magic wand that brings prosperity, health and pride. We just have to unleash her potential and see the magic happen. We have improved a lot in women’s education since our independence, but still, a lot remains to be improved. Factors restricting the growth of women’s education in India are mainly societal, and we need to recognize them and eliminate them if we want to achieve the goals of socio-economic development.