Women empowerment is the term used to refer to the empowerment of women in all the spheres of life e.g. education, employment, health, safety, etc. It is fundamental to the economic and social progress of the nation as well as that of the world. As long as gender discrimination exists, an equated society and sustainable development cannot be achieved. Read these essays to know the true meaning of women empowerment and you will be able to answer questions like what are the benefits of women empowerment; education and women empowerment; women empowerment and sustainable development, etc.
Long and Short Essay on Women Empowerment
Essay 1 (250 Words)
Women Empowerment today, has become the most discussed topic around the world. In basic terms, it means to diminish the gender gap and providing equal opportunities and rights to men and women.
In India, women have always been subjected to acts of physical violence and mental tortures for centuries. They are raped, physically assaulted, subjected to mental harassment, killed for dowry, experience workplace discrimination, paid less than men for the same job, not send to school, etc. This suppression of women in all the spheres of life is a major hindrance to the progress of the nation.
Most of the work done by women in India is unpaid and is in the unorganized sector. Women in India constitute 49% of the agriculture workforce though they hold even less than 2% of the land. Almost half of the women in rural India don’t have a bank account in their own name and a few of them have a valuable asset in their name.
Women’s contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India is at 17%, much lower than the global average of 37%. Nearly 54% of criminal offenses in India involve women and it is also reported that at national capital Delhi, over 90% of women have experienced some kind of physical or sexual offense in public places.
The government of India is making progress by enacting new laws and implementing them, safeguarding the interests of women. The society, as well as other government and private organizations, must come forward to empower women.
Essay 2 (300 Words)
Women empowerment refers to providing the women economical, social and educational rights, without any kind of discrimination based on gender, class, religion or social status. It is an essential prerequisite for the development and progress of a nation.
Benefits of Women Empowerment
There are several benefits of women empowerment including that on society and as well as on the country. Some of the benefits of women empowerment are listed as under:
- Women are able to live their life with dignity and self-respect.
- The self-confidence of women is increased and they make progress contributing to the growth of the nation.
- The social status of women is increased and they are better recognized and appreciated.
- They are able to make financial decisions on their own and become financially independent.
- Women empowerment paves the way for an equal society where no gender discrimination exists.
- Women empowerment brings better health facilities for the women which in turn improves the overall health status of the country.
- An earning woman adds to the family’s income and hence elevates its living standard and social status.
- A well-educated woman ensures that her children are educated as well, making way to a prosperous nation.
- Women empowerment will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 2030) as envisioned by the United Nations.
Women empowerment has multifaceted benefits on an individual, society and the nation as well. It plays an essential role in the social and economic development of the nation. It removes the obstructions to women’s progress and frees their minds making them able to make decisions and progress.
Essay 3 (350 Words)
Women Empowerment is a term used to indicate steps taken for improving the status of women in society. It refers to their social, political, educational, medical, economic and other forms of improvement. It is very essential for women to be provided equal and opportunities as men.
Education and Women Empowerment
The role of education is very essential when it comes to women empowerment. It is only through education that women gain access to better opportunities and income. Without education, they are forced to take up low paying jobs and always remain dependent on the men for their needs.
Education is the only tool to make women financially independent and able to make financial decisions of their own. An educated woman is able to pursue her own dream and decide about her life and career.
Women Empowerment and Sustainable Development
Women empowerment is a key factor in achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. SDG goal number 5 targets gender equality and women empowerment as the fundamental requirements for an equitable society and bringing sustainable development.
Women around the world share the primary responsibilities of nutrition of the children, their education, and the management of the household. The presence of women in areas like environment, health and other vital sectors is also increasing.
SDG 2030 aims for gender equality by eliminating all the root causes that curtail women’s rights in every sphere of life. Women are less paid for the same work than men in several developing as well as developed nations.
Unless gender equality is achieved and women enjoy equal rights and opportunities as men, sustainable development would still be a distant dream. Educating women and bringing them to the forefront is the first thing to do if we ever want to achieve SDG goals by 2030.
The statistic reveals that 49 of the world countries lack behind in laws protecting women’s rights in case of domestic violence and 39 have no law of inheritance for a girl child. There is a need to make urgent policy measures and necessary changes in laws to safeguard the interests of women.
Essay 4 (400 Words)
The term women empowerment is used to refer to the empowerment of women by providing them education and equal growth and employment opportunities equivalent to the men in society. From a broader perspective, women empowerment includes every step taken in different walks of life, with the intention of making the women more empowered.
The Need for Women Empowerment
Since centuries women around the world are subjected to various kinds of discrimination and atrocities at the hands of the men. They are more susceptible to domestic violence and considered inferior to men.
Girls in rural areas are not sent to the school as spending on the education of a girl is considered a failed investment and not necessary. On the other hand, boys are provided complete primary and elementary education and are seen as the backbone of the family and society.
Economic Empowerment of Women
Economic empowerment of women refers to making the women economically independent by developing their skills and making them employable. Policymakers work together with NGOs and other relevant organizations to arrange programs for women education and skill improvement so that they can be either gainfully employed or do a business of their own.
The financial independence of women is the first step towards improving their social status and self-esteem. Unless women become independent in fending for themselves and their families, all talks of women empowerment are useless.
Political Empowerment of Women
Political empowerment refers to the involvement of women in parliamentary positions and policymaking. As per 2017 estimates, women constitute around 23.6% of parliamentary positions, globally.
Some methods of political empowerment of women are providing them the right to vote and allowing them to run high offices. Making reservations for the women in parliaments and other constitutional positions will help increase their stake in the political and administrative sphere.
The economic and political empowerment of women is very essential for improving their social status and making them independent. Policy initiatives in this regard must be taken on a war footing. The dream of a developed nation could only be achieved if the women enjoy equal power and opportunities as that of the men in society.
Essay 5 (500 Words)
Women Empowerment means providing the women more powers regarding their own will and wish and making them financially independent and socially recognizable. In other words, the term “women empowerment” refers to diminishing the gender difference that exists in the society by providing the women equal opportunity to earn, work and make decisions as equivalent to the men.
Why is Women Empowerment Required?
It is a painful fact that every country of the world, be it developing or developed, has a history that speaks volumes about the ill-treatment of the women. Women are subjected to various kinds of physical and mental tortures, in their own family and also in society.
Though, the situation has improved considerably from the past, more so in the developed countries. But, third world countries like India, Africa, etc. despite the improvements, still lag behind when it comes to empowering their women.
Women in some societies are still treated as a commodity. They are expected only to do household chores, cook food, clean utensils, and clothes, etc. Educating a woman or a girl child is considered a taboo and a waste of time and money.
They are also not allowed to socialize or do a job or business, as per their will. Everything that they do must be approved by the men in the family. A situation like this is absolutely unacceptable and poses a major hindrance to the development of a nation.
How is Women Empowerment Established?
There are various ways through which women empowerment could be achieved. Governments should establish a mechanism to ensure that women are provided equal opportunities in career and other fields as men.
Special efforts must be made to educate women and girls so that they can be fruitfully employed. It is also the responsibility of society to see that women get the proper opportunities in the entire spheres of life.
Skill development programs, designed especially for women, are required to elevate their social and economic status. Education and skill development must be given the utmost importance in the case of women.
Not only the governments but also civic societies must be active in working towards the empowerment of women on a priority basis. The interest of women in all walks of life must be safeguarded for the lifetime.
Women should be provided with proper healthcare facilities without any discrimination of any kind. Healthcare is a very important sector when it comes to empowering women. Proper health facilities to women will ensure their continuous improvement in all the spheres of life.
Women Empowerment is the need of the day and very essential for the growth and development of a nation as well as that of the world. Without equal opportunities provided to each and every woman on the planet, the dream of a sustainable development society will be a distant reality. Governments, people and organizations all must work together to provide equal opportunities to the women in all fields of life.