National Science Day is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm on the 28th of February every year in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on the same day in the year 1928. For his great success in the field of science in India, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.
National Science Day 2020
National Science Day 2020 in India will be celebrated on Friday, the 28th of February.
National Science Day 2019 theme was – “Science for the People and People for Science”.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar prize to India’s top young scientists in various categories. The awards were given for the year 2016 to 2018 and had 34 winners.
NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences), Bangalore observed the day by a science exhibition comprised of 60 different stalls of various departments showcasing their recent research and development work. The event also played short videos of recent and current researches that is going on at NIMHANS.
Various universities and colleges also celebrated National Science Day by various events and programs. JSSST University, Mysore organized a series of events comprising of exhibitions, seminars, discussions, and workshops. Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar conducted programs on National Science Day in various schools comprising of expert lectures, science exhibitions and quiz & debate competitions based on the theme “Science for the people and People for Science”.
Awards were given to 4 young scientists who were selected in ‘All India Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research’. A cash prize of Rs. 1 lakh, 50 thousand and 25 thousand were awarded to first, second and third position, respectively. The honoring was done during a program organized on National Science Day by the Ministry of Science of Technology on 28th February in New Delhi.
History of National Science Day Celebration in India
28th of February, 1928 was the great day in India when an invention in the field of Indian science was completed by the famous Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was a Tamil Brahmin and first one in the science, who had researched such invention in India. To commemorate and honor this event always in the future, the 28th of February was asked to the Indian Government to designate as a National Science Day in India by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) in the year 1986.
From then, the national science day was started celebrating all across India as a great event in the field of Indian science. It is celebrated every year by students, teachers, scientists and researchers in all the schools, colleges, universities, educational institutions including scientific, academic, medical, technical and research institutions of India. On the first celebration ceremony of the National Science Day in India, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication had declared the institution of the National Science Popularization awards in order to recognize an excellent and wonderful endeavor in the field of science communication and popularization.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman had worked from 1907 to 1933 at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal in India during which he had researched on many topics of the Physics from which the Raman Effect (effect on scattering of light when passing through different materials) became his great success and discovery which has been marked in the Indian history. For his big invention, he was honored through the various Indian awards including the Nobel Prize in the year 1930. From the year 2013, the “Raman Effect” has been designated as an International Historic Chemical Landmark by The American Chemical Society.
During the national science day celebration of the year 2009, the Indian Department of Science and Technology has awarded the five Indian institutions through the National Award for Science Communication in order to recognize the big efforts and achievements of the Indian scientists of the government and non-government organizations for popularizing and leading the modern science in the country. The Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre was given the highest award in the year 2009 to recognize its big contribution to science.
The national science day has been started getting celebrated as the Science Carnival to recognize scientific activities and programs by the participation of students from school and college, scientists from the state and national faculties. This event celebration has provided a real platform for various newcomer scientists to fix their feet and brighten their careers in the science profession.
How National Science Day is Celebrated
National Science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year during which students of the schools and colleges demonstrate various science projects, as well as national and state science institutions, to demonstrate their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching the night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities.
It is celebrated every year with immense passion at the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (also called GMRT) at Khodad which is a worldwide famous telescope getting operated at low radio frequencies by the NCRA (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics) established by the TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research).
A variety of activities is organized by the NCRA and GMRT at the ceremony of national science day celebration in order to recognize their leading research activities in the field of radio astronomy and astrophysics. A variety of programs is also held for the common public and student community to popularize the science and technology in the country.
The minister of science and technology gives a message through his speech on this day to the students, scientists, researchers and the general public of the nation.
Objectives of Celebrating National Science Day
> National Science Day is being celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people.
> To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare.
> To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of science.
> To give an opportunity to the scientific-minded citizens in the country.
> To encourage the people as well as popularize Science and Technology.
Themes of National Science Day
> The theme of the year 1999 was “Our Changing Earth”.
> The theme of the year 2000 was “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”.
> The theme of the year 2001 was “Information Technology for Science Education”.
> The theme of the year 2002 was “Wealth from Waste”.
> The theme of the year 2003 was “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blueprint of Life”.
> The theme of the year 2004 was “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”.
> The theme of the year 2005 was “Celebrating Physics”.
> The theme of the year 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”.
> The theme of the year 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”.
> The theme of the year 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”.
> The theme of the year 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”.
> The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”.
> The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.
> The theme of the year 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.
> The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.
> The theme of the year 2014 was “Fostering Scientific Temper and Energy conservation”.
> The theme of the year 2015 was “Science for Nation Building”.
> The theme of the year 2016 was “Make in India: S&T driven innovations”.
> The theme of the year 2017 is “Science and Technology for specially-abled persons”.
> The theme of 2018 was “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.
> The theme for 2019 is “Science for the People and People for Science”.