National Unity Day – For Students and Children In English

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National Unity day (also known as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is celebrated every year on the 31st of October by the people all through India. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who really unified the country. Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day was introduced by the Government of India in 2014 with the aim of celebrating this event every year on 31st October.

The aim of introducing this event is to pay tribute to the great man, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, on his birth anniversary by remembering his extraordinary works for the country. He really worked hard in keeping India united.

National Unity Day 2019

National Unity Day 2019 is being celebrated on the 31st of October, Thursday by the people all over India. It is celebrated as the 144th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

The day is observed to commemorate the efforts of Sardar Patel in the integration of post-independence Indian dominion. This year National Unity Day was celebrated on Thursday, 31st October. This year’s theme of National Unity Day was “Bring the Nation Together, United in Times of Strife and Rising Extremism”.

Senior cabinet ministers and leaders of opposition paid their due respect to Sardar Patel and remembered his exceptional administrative skills and foresight, which laid the foundation of the administrative system of modern India, as we see today.

Sardar Patel is also highly applauded for his efforts in making princely kingdoms concede with the dominion of India, post-independence.

A special event on National Unity Day was organized on 31st October 2019, Thursday at New Delhi’s Malvankar Hall located on Rafi Marg, behind the RBI. The event was attended by the Speaker of Lok Sabha, Sri Om Birla as the Chief Guest and various other central ministers.

Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi visited the “Statue of Unity” at Kevadia in Gujarat on the occasion of Sardar Patel Jayanti and National Unity Day. Statue of Unity is a world-famous, 182-meter high statue of Sardar Patel. It is the highest statue in the world.

The event at the Statue of Liberty was also be attended by the World Bank President David Malpass and probationers if IAS (Indian Administrative Services), IPS (Indian Police Services), IRS (Indian Revenue Services) and IFS (Indian Foreign Services) as well as other senior officials of the Government of India. A National Unity Day parade was also organized at Kevadiya on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Jayanti.

Home Minister of India, Sri Amit Shah had asked all the states and Union Territories to celebrate National Unity Day, also the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel with great enthusiasm and fervor. He added that the abrogation of Article 370 from the state of Jammu and Kashmir was a tribute to the vision of Patel and hence this calls for a great celebration.

Why National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is Celebrated

National Unity Day (or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is the birthday (birth anniversary) of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, a famous personality for uniting India. This day was decided and introduced by the central government of India in New Delhi in 2014 in order to observe the birth anniversary of Patel every year as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas. It aimed to pay tribute to him for his great efforts made to unite India.

This day was inaugurated in 2014 by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, by paying floral tributes at the statue of Sardar Patel and flagging off a program known as ‘Run For Unity’ in New Delhi. This program was planned to highlight the efforts made by Sardar Patel for uniting country.


On this day, a nationwide marathon is organized to increase awareness about Rashtriya Ekta Diwas and remember the great person.

The celebration of this occasion annually helps youth of the country to be aware of and provides an opportunity for everyone to maintain the integral strength of the nation. It makes Indian citizens realize how national integrity helps in defeating the actual and potential threats for unity, integrity, and security of the nation.

About Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is also known as the Iron Man of India who worked hard to make India a United India (Ek Bharat). He also requested the people of India to live together by uniting in order to create Shresth Bharat (Foremost India). Sardar Patel was born on the 31st of October in 1875 at Karamsand, Gujarat.

He was also called as Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel. He died on the 15th of December in 1950 at Bombay, Bombay State, India. He was a barrister, statesman, a leader of the Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India. He worked hard as a social leader for the Independence of the country and integration of people to make a united and independent nation.

As being the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India he played a most important role in the integration of many Indian princely states to make an Indian federation. He made huge efforts to restore peace all across the nation. He was also the first chairman and founder of the E.M.H.S (Edward Memorial High School Borsad, currently named as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School).

His dedication to the national integration was completely uncompromising in order to make a newly liberated united country. His dedication towards the unity in the country made him able to integrate more than 500 independent princely states in 1947 to 1949 from the British rule through the Independence Act 1947.

He is affectionately remembered as the “Iron Man of India” and “Patron saint of India’s civil servants” as he established the modern all-India services system. In order to remember him annually, Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is introduced by the Government of India in 2014.


How National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is Celebrated

National Unity Day is an initiative celebrated every year to commemorate Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birth anniversary. It is celebrated by the people of India by organizing a variety of events. A floral tribute is given to the statue of Sardar Patel every year at the Patel Chowk, Parliament Street, New Delhi in the morning.

Various programs are organized by the government of India to mark the occasion such as run for unity, pledge taking ceremony march past by the Indian police.

Run for Unity program is held in the major cities, district towns and various places in the rural areas. Youths from the schools, colleges, universities, educational institutes, National Cadet Corps, National Service Scheme, etc take part in the program very actively. It is organized at a huge level in the National capital from Vijay Chowk to India Gate on the Rajpath at 8.30 am in the morning.

The second program, which is organized most importantly in the government offices, public sectors, public institutions, etc, is a pledge taking ceremony. It is organized to observe the occasion by truly taking the pledge in the group.

The third event organized at this day is a march past by the police (central armed police forces including scouts, guides, NCC, NSS, home guards, etc) on the streets of major cities and district towns. Somewhere, a pledge taking ceremony is held after the march past of police.

Employees and staffs from the municipal corporation of many cities also take part in the National Unity pledge and later in the Run for Unity. Students from various schools and colleges also perform a variety of cultural activities including banners and posters making in order to spread the message of unity and security, essay writing, speech reciting, quiz competition, paintings, rhyme recitation, art-making competition, debate on the related topic, etc.

The main objective of organizing a variety of programs on this day is to promote national integration among citizens of India as well as maintain the unity and integrity of the country.

It has been requested by the Ministry of Human Resource Development to administer pledge taking in the schools and colleges so that students can be motivated and maintain the unity and integrity of the country in the future. Thus, a notice has been issued by the Central Board of Secondary Education to administer the pledge in the schools.

Almost 250 center coordinators have been appointed by the CBSE in schools all across India in order to organize the event in which more than 400-500 students come from the neighborhood schools at each center to participate in the mass activities. A variety of activities play a great role in conveying the message about the importance of unity in maintaining peace, keeping public places clean, security, removing threats, etc in the country.

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas Pledge

Following is the pledge for Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day): “I solemnly pledge that I dedicate myself to preserve the unity, integrity, and security of the nation and also strive hard to spread this message among my fellow countrymen.

I take this pledge in the spirit of unification of my country which was made possible by the vision and actions of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. I also solemnly resolve to make my own contribution to ensure the internal security of my country.”


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Shefali Ahuja

Shefali is Essaybank’s editor-in-chief. She describes herself as a teacher and professional writer and she enjoys getting more people into writing and answering people’s questions. She closely follows the latest trends in the article industry in order to keep you all up-to-date with the latest news.